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2014年成人高考专升本英语考试真题及答案解析

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2014年成人高考专升本英语考试真题及答案解析,更多湖北成人高考报名、湖北成人高考时间、湖北成人高考政策等信息,请及时关注湖北成考网或搜索公众微信“湖北成考网”!
2014年成人高考专升本英语考试真题及答案解析

I. Phonetics (5 points )
 
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there, are four underlined letters or lettercombinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one thatis different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
第1题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )
 
A.stage
 
B.pass_age
 
C.percentage
 
D.village
 
参考答案:A
 
第2题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )
 
A.pension
 
B.extension
 
C.collision
 
D.Dimension
 
参考答案:C
 
第3题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )
 
A.m_ove
 
B.joke
 
C.h_ope
 
D.zone
 
参考答案:A
 
第4题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )
 
A.wealthy
 
B.athlete
 
C.beneath
 
D.southern
 
参考答案:D
 
第5题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )
 
A.phrase
 
B.loose
 
C.expo_se
 
D.accuse
 
参考答案:B
 
II. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)
 
Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are fourchoices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence andblacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
第6题单选 The relationship between parents and their children___________ a strong influence on the character of the children.
 
A.have
 
B.having
 
C.to have
 
D.has
 
参考答案:D
 
第7题单选 Only by telling the truth___________win the trust and support of your friends.
 
A.you can
 
B.can you
 
C.you did
 
D.did you
 
参考答案:B
 
第8题单选 These apple trees,___________I planted three years ago, have not borne any fruit.
 
A.that
 
B.what
 
C.which
 
D.when
 
参考答案:C
 
第9题单选 Don't remind me of that awful day;I__________such a fool of myself.
 
A.made
 
B.make
 
C.will make
 
D.am making
 
参考答案:A
 
第10题单选 My daughter is quite well now __________ a slight headache.
 
A.beside
 
B.besides
 
C.but for
 
D.except for
 
参考答案:D
 
第11题单选 She is treated__________better than I was.
 
A.much
 
B.little
 
C.many
 
D.more
 
参考答案:A
 
第12题单选 If it had not rained yesterday, they__________work on time.
 
A.will finish
 
B.will have finished
 
C.would finish
 
D.would have finished
 
参考答案:D
 
第13题单选 They are studying the Solar System's__________planet,Saturn ,and its moons.
 
A.two largest
 
B.largest two
 
C.second largest
 
D.largest second
 
参考答案:C
 
第14题单选 I'd like to go with you ; __________, my hands are full at the moment.
 
A.however
 
B.whatever
 
C.whenever
 
D.wherever
 
参考答案:A
 
第15题单选 He entered the office hurriedly,__________the door open.
 
A.leaving
 
B.left
 
C.leave
 
D.to leave
 
参考答案:A
 
第16题单选 He had to quit the job__________his ill health.
 
A.as
 
B.as for
 
C.because
 
D.because of
 
参考答案:D
 
第17题单选 She needs more friends of her own__________
 
A.year
 
B.age
 
C.period
 
D.stage
 
参考答案:B
 
第18题单选 __________, the training will help you become better at what you do.
 
A.In the season
 
B.In the period
 
C.In the long run
 
D.In the long range
 
参考答案:C
 
第19题单选 Sea levels are__________to rise between 7 and 23 inches by the end of 21st century.
 
A.inspected
 
B.suspected
 
C.expected
 
D.detected
 
参考答案:C
 
第20题单选 Smoking and drinking may__________heart disease and cancer.
 
A.result from
 
B.lead to
 
C.come from
 
D.get to
 
参考答案:B
 
Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, Cand D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
The Nobel Prizes are awards that are given each year for special things that people or groups ofpeople have achieved. They are awarded in six 21__________ : physics, chemistry, medicine, literature,peace and economics.
 
The prizes come from 22 __________ that was created by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. He wanted
 
to use some of his money to help make the world a 23 __________ place to live in.
 
Many organizations, chosen by Alfred Nobel himself,24 __________ who receives the prizes. Eachaward 25 __________ a gold medal,a diploma and a lot of money. Prizes can only be given to 26__________ of allraces, countries and religions. Only the Peace Prize can 27 __________ be given to a group.
 
The first Nobel Prizes were handed out 28 __________ December 10,1901--five years after AlfredNobel's death. Nobel was a chemist, engineer and inventor 29 __________ most famous invention, dynamite(炸药) , made him a 30 __________ man. Although he gave the world such a 31 __________ w,~pon, Nobel wasalways against wars and 32__________. He therefore left a lot of money that was to go to those who did a lotfor the peace of 33__________
 
Officials at first handed out only five prizes a year. The prize for economics was first awarded in 1969. In some 34 __________ prizes were not awarded because there were no 35 __________ candidates.
 
All prizes are presented in Stockholm, Sweden, with the exception of the Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.
 
第21题单选 第21题应选( )
 
A.parts
 
B.areas
 
C.regions
 
D.classes
 
参考答案:B
 
第22题单选 第22题应选( )
 
A.a bond
 
B.a fund
 
C.a scholarship
 
D.an investment
 
参考答案:B
 
第23题单选 第23题应选( )
 
A.cleaner
 
B.richer
 
C.better
 
D.larger
 
参考答案:C
 
第24题单选 第24题应选( )
 
A.declare
 
B.conclude
 
C.determine
 
D.announce
 
参考答案:C
 
第25题单选 第25题应选( )
 
A.makes up
 
B.focuses on
 
C.refers to
 
D.consists of
 
参考答案:D
 
第26题单选 第26题应选( )
 
A.organizations
 
B.singles
 
C.institutions
 
D.individuals
 
参考答案:D
 
第27题单选 第27题应选( )
 
A.yet
 
B.also
 
C.still
 
D.ever
 
参考答案:B
 
第28题单选 第28题应选( )
 
A.on
 
B.in
 
C.at
 
D.by
 
参考答案:A
 
第29题单选 第29题应选( )
 
A.who
 
B.that
 
C.whose
 
D.whom
 
参考答案:C
 
第30题单选 第30题应选( )
 
A.hmnorous
 
B.rich
 
C.serious
 
D.smart
 
参考答案:B
 
第31题单选 第31题应选( )
 
A.strange
 
B.mysterious
 
C.magic
 
D.deadly
 
参考答案:D
 
第32题单选 第32题应选( )
 
A.violence
 
B.hatred
 
C.confusion
 
D.jealousy
 
参考答案:A
 
第33题单选 第33题应选( )
 
A.races
 
B.regions
 
C.mind
 
D.mankind
 
参考答案:D
 
第34题单选 第34题应选( )
 
A.years
 
B.year
 
C.time
 
D.times
 
参考答案:A
 
第35题单选 第35题应选( )
 
A.valuable
 
B.invaluable
 
C.worthy
 
D.worthwhile
 
参考答案:C
 
IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points)
 
Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by fourquestions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Chooseone best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
At first glance,there hardly seems to be any comparison between Ravenna and Rome,but backin the 5th century ,it was Ravenna that served as capital of the Western Roman Empire. In this city,Roman rulers built monuments which are famous, then and now, for their sweeping mosaics (镶嵌图案). Seven of Ravenna's eight buildings from the 5th and 6th centuries are spectacularly decoratedwith examples of this ancient art. "In the past, many people couldn't read or write," says tour guideand Ravenna native Silvia Giogoli. "Mosaics were a way to explain the religion and the political situ-ation to the people. " Visitors to Ravenna can look at pieces of art by ancient artists, listen to musicians, and learn to
 
make their own masterpieces.
 
Travel Tips
 
When to Go:June--October; weather is pleasant in April and May but historic sites can get crowded with school groups.
 
Where to Stay:Walk through historic district sites from Albergo Cappello and stay at a modernHotel Centrale Byron.
 
How to Get Around:Take the train from Bologna, and then walk, bike, or use taxis within the city.
 
Where to Eat or Drink:Housed in a former movie theater, two-storey Ristorante Cinema Alex-ander blends 1940s Hollywood flavor with homemade Emilia Romagna courses and attentive service(helpful in translating the menu). For fresh seafood, try Osteria L'Accigua and Da Buco.
 
What to Buy : Watch the next generation of Emilia Romagna mosaic artists create contemporaryand traditional pieces in local studios where modern artists use the same methods as their Byzantineforefathers.
 
What to Read Before You Go:Ravenna in Late Antiquity, by Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis-. 2010) ,provides a wide-ranging look at the city's art, architecture, and history.
 
第36题单选 In ancient times, mosaics were used to
 
A.display artistic achievements
 
B.compete with Roman paintings
 
C.explain religion and politics
 
D.teach reading and writing
 
参考答案:C
 
第37题单选 Lots of school children visit historic sites such as Ravenna in
 
A.May
 
B.June
 
C.September
 
D.October
 
参考答案:A
 
第38题单选 If you want to try fresh seafood,you should go to__________ .
 
A.Emilia Romagna
 
B.Hotel Centrale Byron
 
C.Ristorante Cinema Alexander
 
D.Osteria L'Accigua and Da Buco
 
参考答案:D
 
第39题单选 Why is Ravenna in Late Antiquity recommended in this passage?
 
A.Because it was written by a famous writer.
 
B.Because tourists get to learn a lot about the city from it.
 
C.Because tourists can get valuable tips for buying art pieces.
 
D.Because it provides useful information about the city's weather.
 
参考答案:B
 
When you pat your pet dog, he wags (摆来摆去)his tail. That is his way of saying that he lovesyou. And, if you pay attention, you will see that he uses his tail to say so many things. Every move-ment of the tail means a different thing. If the dog is wagging its tail, it is a sign of friendliness ; if histail is straight, it means he is getting ready for a fight ; and if his tail is tucked (塞) behind his legs, itmeans he is giving up the fight.
 
Unlike dogs, cats' tail language is not so expressive. When a cat feels threatened, he puffs him-self up to appear big and his tail shakes with tension. And when he is displeased with something, helashes out(甩动) his tail.
 
The tail language of dogs and cats has a little story behind it. Earlier, when dogs and cats hadnot become friends with human beings, they were predators. They used to hunt other animals for theirfood. When dogs went out hunting with their friends, tail language came handy. When they were closeto each other, dogs could use facial expressions to talk. But, for long-distance c,o~mmunication, theyused their tails. Unlike dogs, cats liked to hunt alone. So, they did not need to use tail language toooften. As a result, their vocabulary in tail language is much smaller than that of dogs'.
 
第40题单选 What does it mean when a dog's tail is straight?
 
A.It has a lot to say to you.
 
B.It wants to stop fighting.
 
C.It is going to fight.
 
D.It likes to be patted.
 
参考答案:C
 
第41题单选 A cat tries to appear big when it is __________ .
 
A.facing a danger
 
B.unhappy
 
C.ready to hunt
 
D.hungry
 
参考答案:A
 
第42题单选 Which of the following does the author intend to say?
 
A.Dogs and cats are not good friends.
 
B.Dogs are much friendlier than cats.
 
C.Dogs and cats are usually good pets.
 
D.Dogs use tail language more than cats.
 
参考答案:D
 
第43题单选 In the last paragraph, the underlined word "predato.rs" refers to __________ .
 
A.animals that follow and obey other animals
 
B.animals that kill and eat other animals
 
C.animals that live in the wild
 
D.animals kept by people
 
参考答案:B
 
Like any teenagers, the face of One Teen Story is changing fast. Just a year old, the monthlymagazine of short fiction for young people is getting a new editor-in-chief: Patrick Ryan ,47, the asso-ciate editor of Granta from 2009 to 2013. He left the London-based literary journal last month.
 
Editing One Teen Story--the younger sibling(姐妹篇)of One Story magazine--will offer Ryan achance to reach a whole new audience. "It's really the only magazine for young adult short fiction,"he says from his office in New York. "It's tremendously exciting that there are younger people outthere who have subscriptions and look forward to getting these stories once a month. That form is usu-ally only presented when it's forced upon them in schools. "
 
Designed for readers 14 and up, One Teen Story publishes nine issues a year. Like its siblingmagazine, it doesn't carry photographs or advertising. It's just exactly what it says:one story per issue.Ryan says young people are "looking for engaging reads about people whom they can identifywith. It's not about having a message or positive spin (说教). It always starts on a character level,and it has to have an interesting story. If you look at the ' Twilight' characters and the ' HarryPotter' characters,they feel very contemporary. "
 
Ryan also sees the magazine as a way to encourage talented authors. "I would love to make OneTeen Story the first publication for writers who then go on and keep at this business. I just really lovethe idea that this magazine would be the starting point for somebody--would be the push to make a talented writer feel that it was woah keeping at this.”
 
第44题单选 Who is Patrick Ryan?
 
A.He is the editor.in.chief of Granta.
 
B.He is the editor—in—chief of One Story.
 
C.He is the editor.in—chief of“Twilight”. 、
 
D.He is the editor—in-chief of One Teen Story.
 
参考答案:D
 
第45题单选 What is One Teen Story?
 
A.It is a story magazine for teenagers.
 
B.It is a London—based literary iournal.
 
C.It is a column of a newspaper.
 
D.It is a magazine of science fiction.
 
参考答案:A
 
第46题单选 According to Ryan。what attracts young readers most? ’
 
A.Photographs and illustration.
 
B.Chances and practices in business.
 
C.Characters and stories close to their life.
 
D.Political teachings and moral messages.
 
参考答案:C
 
第47题单选 In the last paragraph,the underlined phrase“this business”means __________ .
 
A.reading stories
 
B.writing stories
 
C.editing magazines
 
D.making money
 
参考答案:B
 
Couples are restricting the size of their families in the UK because of cash worries brought on bvthe financial crisis and the subsequent decline.We’re now up to nearly 3.7 million families whelthere is an only child,a rise from about 3.3 million in 2005.That means nearlv half of all parentshave only one child. .
 
Financial WOITies aren’t the only driver.The trend towards later motherhood has been mentionedas a cause,as have soaring costs of raising a child,which have been calculated as£222.500 frombirth t021 years of age.This is an increase of nearly 40%in lo years.
 
The increasing availability of IVF(试管婴儿)is also a factor and an interesting one.Coupleswho might have remained childless in the past now invest in IVF and get pregnant.And because ofthe cost they stop after one child.
 
It may not be a bad thin9;there are outstanding examples of talented only children.Some arguethat being an only child promoted their success.These include actors Natalie Portman and Al Paci.n0,golfer Tiger Woods and even Queen Victoria.A study from the Institute for Social and EconomicResearch at the University of Essex also showed that the fewer brothers and sisters a child has.thehappier they are.It seems fighting for parental attention and affection--which sometimes descendsinto physical fights—is more stressful than any adult had previously thought.And it's not compensa—ted(弥补)by having a playmate.
 
第48题单选 The smaller size of UK families is mainlv related to __________ .
 
A.financial problems
 
B.technical Droblems
 
C.health problems
 
D.cull[ural Droblems
 
参考答案:A
 
第49题单选 The passage shows that IVF is __________ .
 
A.safer than natural pregnancy
 
B.very popular in UK
 
C.very expensive
 
D.a risky investment
 
参考答案:C
 
第50题单选 What is a proved advantage of one—child family?
 
A.Improved family life.
 
B.Higher number of sports stars.
 
C.Efficient family education.
 
D.Promotion of children’s success.
 
参考答案:D
 
第51题单选 The findings of the institute at the University of Essex might mean that__________ .
 
A.the only children’s lack of playmates causes problems
 
B.the only children are much happier than others
 
C.parents—children relationship is off balance
 
D.children have to struggle for parental love
 
参考答案:B
 
About 79 million Americans have pre—diabetes(糖尿病前期).That means they have blood sugarthat's higher than normal but not hi曲enough to be diagnosed(诊断)with type 2一at least not yet.One lon9.term study reposed by the American Diabetes Association found that l l%of people withpre—diabetes develop the full—blown disease each year.Another study shows that pre—diabetes willprobably become type 2 in lo years or less. 、
 
Yet,that process is not inevitable.Last year,scientists in Colorado found that people withpre—diabetes who lowered their blood sugar to normal levels--even briefly--were 56%less likely toreach type 2 levels.
 
Ⅱyou have pre—diabetes.here are four steps to help prevent or delay a diabetes diagnosis:
 
Lose 7%of your body weight.That is about l5 pounds for the persons who weigh 200.Drop—ping that small percentage has been shown to lower the risk of developing type 2 by close t060%.Exercise 30 minutes five days a week.Whether you do the 30 minutes in one shot or in three10一minute sessions,the benefit is the same.Choose certain exercises,such as fast walkin9,playingtennis or lifting weights.Physical activity such as sweeping floors works,t00.
 
Turn to your doctor.In some cases,pre—diabetes raises the risk of heart disease and stroke by50%.Your doctor may use some medicine to control your glucose(葡萄糖)levels and keep yourblood pressure in check.
 
Know your numbers.To see if your pre-diabetes is improvin9,have your blood sugar checkedregularly.A fasting blood sugar of l00 t0125 mr=/dl suggests pre—diabetes;126 m9/dl or above isdiabetes;and below l00 is normal.Other tests,including glucose tolerance and AIC,also are used tomonitor blood sugar.
 
第52题单选 What do we learn from the two studies mentioned in Paragraph l 7
 
A.Pre—diabetes will surely become type 2 diabetes.
 
B.Pre.diabetes is likely to become diabetes within years.
 
C.Enough attention should be paid to the treatment of type 2.
 
D.Pre.diabetes is ranked N0.1 danger threatening Americans’health.
 
参考答案:B
 
第53题单选 To prevent or delay a diabetes diagnosis,people with pre—diabetes should pay most atten。tion t0____________.
 
A.glucose levels
 
B.exercises
 
C.heart disease
 
D.stroke
 
参考答案:A
 
第54题单选 Which of the following suggests that you have pre-diabetes?
 
A.70 mg/dl.
 
B.90 mg/dl.
 
C.110 mg/dl.
 
D.130 mg/dl.
 
参考答案:C
 
第55题单选 What column of a newspaper is most likely to have this article?
 
A.Technology.
 
B.Entertainment.
 
C.Education.
 
D.Health.
 
参考答案:D
 
V. Daily Conversation( 15 points)
 
Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete thefollowing dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
根据下面选项回答下面试题:
 
A.Thanks, Daddy
 
B.I'm proud of you
 
C.You can't believe it
 
D.Congratulations
 
E.What makes the day so important
 
F.Cheer up
 
G.It's a wonderful day
 
H.Is that true
 
Father: How's your day at school, Costa?
 
Costa: 56, Daddy! It's a day I will nev.~er forget.Father:Oh,is it? 57,my son?
 
Costa:I have been made the chairman of the Students' Association.Father :That's great.58 !
 
Costa: 59
 
Father :That's really nice. You stood first in the examination and now you have won the chairman-ship.60,my'son.
 
Costa : Thank you, Daddy.
 
you, Daddy.
 
第56题简答 填入(56)处的最佳答案是()。
 
参考答案:G
 
第57题简答 填入(57)处的最佳答案是()。
 
参考答案:E
 
第58题简答 填入(58)处的最佳答案是()。
 
参考答案:D
 
第59题简答 填入(59)处的最佳答案是()。
 
参考答案:A
 
第60题简答 填入(60)处的最佳答案是()。
 
参考答案:B
 
VI. Writing ( 25 points)
 
Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 ~ 120 wordsbased on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.
 
第61题简答 你(Li Yuan)的班级即将组织一次郊游(picnic),请你给你的外籍教师(Steve)写封信,内容包括:
 
·邀请他参加此项活动;
 
·介绍活动的具体安排和内容(如时间、地点等);·告知需要做的准备(如着装、自备午餐等);
 
·希望他参加并尽快给予答复。
 
参考答案:略。

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