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2018年湖北文理学院专升本考试:《大学英语》试题样题

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湖北文理学院2018年专升本考试:《大学英语》试题样题

湖北文理学院2018年普通专升本的招生简章出来了!湖北专升本小编为大家整理了湖北文理学院《大学英语》试题样题,快来看看吧!
 

    PartI Listening Comprehension (20 points)

    Directions: This part is to test your listening ability. It consists of 3 sections.

    Section A
    Directions:
This section is to test your ability to understandshort dialogues. There are 5 recorded dialogues in it. After each dialogue,there is a recorded question. Both the dialogues and questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question,you should decide on the correct answer from the 4 choices marked [A], [B], [C]and [D] given in your test paper. Then you should mark the corresponding letteron the Answer Sheet with a singleline through the center.
    1. [A] Early winter.   [B] Early spring.    [C] Late autumn.    [D] Late winter.

    2. [A] Yes,because she has two dollars.              

    [B] Yes, because she wants to help him.   

    [C] No, because she will need the moneythis week.  

    [D] No, because she doesn’t want to lendhim the money.

    3. [A] In the backof the store.             [B] In the front of the store   

    [C] On the right side of the store.         [D]On the left side of the store.

    4. [A] He is toobusy.                    [B] He is willing to help.   

    [C] It’s not his business.                [D] It’s not her business.

    5. [A] Because it’sbad for his health.       [B]Because it’s a bad example for the children.  

    [C] Because it makes him smell.         [D]Because it makes him cough.

    Section B

    Directions: This section is to test your ability to understandshort conversations. There are 2 recorded conversations in it. After eachconversation, there are some recorded questions. Both the conversations andquestions will be spoken two times.When you hear a question, you should decide on the correct answer from the 4choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D] given in your test paper. Then you shouldmark the corresponding letter on theAnswer Sheet with a single line through the center.

    Conversation 1

    6. [A] Becausethis is her first day of work in the finance office.  

    [B] Because she is afraid her job is goingto be very difficult.  

    [C] Because she is not sure how to pleaseher new boss. 

    [D] Because she is going to replace Linda.

    7. [A] Mrs. Davisprefers Laura to Linda. 

    [B] Linda was given short notice that shewould be replaced by Laura.

    [C] Linda has won promotion.

    [D] Laura is an experienced secretary andwill learn to do all the work there in about a couple of weeks.

    Conversation 2

    8. [A] They arehaving a birthday party for Jake.

    [B] They are having a gathering at Amy andJake’s home.  

    [C] They are preparing foods in the kitchenfor Jake’s birthday party.

    [D] They are holding a dance party at Kate’splace.

    9. [A] To be thefirst to arrive.      

    [B] To bringfriends along without telling the host beforehand.

    [C] To stay until the end         

    [D] To bring some gifts to the hostand hostess.

    10. [A] Amy andJake have a party at home every month.

    [B] Vegetable salad, potato chips and nutsare all the food the guests have at the party.

    [C] Jake and Amy are the host and hostessof the party.  

    [D] Kate is a good dancer.

    Section C

    Directions: In this section you will hear a passage threetimes. When the passage is read for the first time you should listen carefullyfor its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you’rerequired to fill in the blanks numbered from 11 to 7 with the exact wordsyou’ve just heard. For blanks numbered from 8 to 10, you’re required to fill inthe missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact wordsyou’ve just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally,when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you havewritten.

    Americansparticipate in sports as part of their education. They may play two or more (11)_____________, such as football or basketball. In high school, groups of boysor girls are chosen to make (12) ____________. They choose the best players forthe team. These teams (13) __________  against teams from other schools. In manyschools, students also participate in wrestling, running, golf and swimming.There are teams for these sports, too.

Thecompetitions between schools are often very (14)______________. Students whoare not on the team, love to watch them. They let everyone know this shouting (15)_____________for their team.

Thereis a special (16)___________ of girls and boys, (17)____________girls, whoperform routines and shout for their football team. They are calledcheerleaders, because they lead the crowd in cheering for the team. (18)______________________________.The football player’s uniforms are those, too. (19)________________________. Cheerleaderscall out the team name in their cheers. (20)____________________________. Cheerleadingis a sport itself.

    Part II. Reading Comprehension (40 points)

    Directions:There are 4 reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For eachof them there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. You should decideon the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

    Passage One                   

    There are many reasonable definitions of"critical thinking" but I like the one offered by Wade and Tavrisbecause it emphasizes the positive side to critical thinking. Too often peoplethink that being critical means just tearing some argument down: "Criticalthinking," they write, "is the ability and willingness to evaluateclaims and make objective judgments on the basis of well-supported reasons. Itis the ability to look for flaws in arguments and resist claims that have nosupporting evidence. Critical thinking, however, is not merely negativethinking. It also fosters the ability to be creative and constructive — togenerate possible explanations for findings, think of implications, and applynew knowledge to a broad range of social and personal problems. You can'treally separate critical thinking from creative thinking, for it's only whenyou question what is that you can begin to imagine what can be."

    Nor is being an independent thinker and acritical thinker merely being "open-minded". As Wade and Tavris pointout, "Sometimes people justify mental laziness by proudly telling you thatthey are 'open-minded'. 'It's good to be open-minded', replies philosopher JacobNeedleman, 'but not so open that your brains fall out.' "

    Wade writes that sometimes her studentsthink that being open-minded means that every opinion is just as good as everyother opinion. "What comes across to students," she says," isthat they shouldn't defend their own beliefs too passionately or criticizesomeone else's beliefs too strongly." "When they complain 'it's justmy opinion'," she replies, "Well, is it a good opinion or a badopinion? Is it well-supported by evidence or reasons? The goal is to teachstudents how to take a position and defend it strongly and with passion, andyet fair-mindedly".

    21. Which of thefollowing is NOT included in the definition of "critical thinking"given by Wade and Tavris?

    [A] destroying some arguments                [B] seeking flaws in arguments

    [C] rejecting claims that don't havefactual basis   [D] objective judgments

    22. To becreative, you would have to think critically. This is because a new idea cannotemerge unless __________.

    [A] you tear down some old ones                [B] you question what somethingreally is

    [C] you turn down others' opinions               [D] you refuse to thinklogically

    23. According toWade and Tavris, sometimes when some people proudly say that they are"open-minded", they are in fact __________.

    [A] willing to accept other people'sopinions    [B] happy to change theiropinions

    [C] not biased in viewpoints                 [D] not active in thinking forthemselves

    24. Wade thinksthat if you have a well-supported opinion, __________.

    [A] you should also regard other people'sopinions as equally reasonable

    [B] you should defend your opinion withouttoo much passion

    [C] you shouldn't criticize differentopinions

    [D] you should defend your opinion in astrong, passionate, and objective way

    25. In thispassage the author __________.

    [A] explains why he likes the definition of"critical thinking" offered by Wade and Tavris

    [B] tells the difference between"critical thinking" and "open-mindedness"

    [C] develops the concept of "criticalthinking" by showing what it is and what it isn't

    [D] shows how to be open-minded

    Passage Two

    Some people have claimed they've invented amachine that will "save the planet". Others are convinced thatthere's a secret plan by fossil fuel and / or nuclear power companies to stopsuch devices from getting to the public.  

    Someof these devices use theories called "Free Energy", or"Zero-Point Energy". As a matter of fact, you can find all sorts ofinformation about such things on the Internet. Just plug in any of those words.

    Butnone of these devices have ever been proven theoretically. The "freeenergy" area is filled with dishonest artists selling obscure information,often clouded with technical jargon (行话), andseeking people with money to develop their inventions or ideas.

    Asthe old saying goes, "a fool and his money are soon parted".

    Mostof these devices are perpetual (永恒的) motionmachines, which violate known laws of science. With energy and the universe,there's no such thing as a free lunch or free energy. You can't get energy fromnothing because of the fundamental laws of physics that energy cannot becreated or destroyed.  

    Whatabout matter and anti-matter? What about energy that they use on Star Trek andin other science fiction stories? The ideas are interesting, but they are stillfiction. Though science fiction has a basis in some fact. Jules Verne wroteabout traveling under the water more than a hundred years ago, and today wehave submarines. He also wrote about going to the moon, and in 1969 humansfirst set foot on our closest neighbor in space.

    So,while some ideas being used by writers are fiction, there could be some basisin fact. Who knows, someone might create a matter-antimatter energy system thatcould revolutionize the way we think about energy and our universe.

    26. Those who areselling the "free energy" information __________.

    [A] intentionally use words that aredifficult or even impossible to understand

    [B] are trying to turn their inventionsinto practical devices

    [C] are technicians and artists

    [D] have no money to develop their ideasinto real products

    27. By saying"there's no such thing as a free lunch", the author means __________.

    [A] there will be no gains without pains

    [B] you have to pay for what you did

    [C] energy cannot be created out of nothing

    [D] understanding basic laws of physics isnecessary for creating any device

    28. The authorholds the view that the energy used in science fiction stories __________.

    [A] is as unscientific as free energy      [B] is in someway believable

    [C] appeals to fools only              [D] is interesting

    29. The authormentions Jules Verne to show that __________.

    [A] science fiction writers areknowledgeable

    [B] going to the moon has been the human'sdream

    [C] some ideas contained in science fictionstories are fantastic

    [D] science fiction has a basis in somefact

    30. What is theauthor's attitude toward a matter-antimatter energy system?

    [A] In no way does he believe such asystem.

    [B] He has a great interest in such asystem.

    [C] He thinks it may be possible, but hedoesn't really care.

    [D] He welcomes the idea

    Passage Three

    The Oxford Dictionary offers manydefinitions of independent, including "not depending on the authority ofothers" and "not dependent on others for forming an opinion".Making up your own mind, in other words. But what does that really mean? Doesit mean forming an opinion without input from others? No, of course not,otherwise we "reinvent the wheel" every time we make a decision. We allneed relevant information and data on which to base our opinions. It's the waythat we seek information and how we apply it that makes us dependent orindependent thinkers. If we uncritically accept whatever values or ideas we'vebeen taught by parents, teachers or church, never questioning these ideas orasking ourselves if these ideas really make sense, then we are dependentthinkers (even if the ideas are true!).

   If we reject what our parents, teachers orchurch have taught us simply because they say something is right, does thatmake us independent thinkers? No, that's just what psychologists call"anti-conformity (反对一致)" rather than non-conformity. Makingup your own mind is an action, not a reaction.

    Independent thinking means making sense ofthe world based on your own observations and experiences rather than justdepending on the word of others. It means trusting your own ability to makejudgments, even if they contradict what others say. It means acting inaccordance with these judgments, even if you sometimes make mistakes. Anindependent thinker knows it's psychologically better to make your own mistakesthan someone else's.

    Independent thinking is not necessarilysensible or critical. Sometimes you make mistakes; sometimes it's difficult toknow if your beliefs are your own or simply uncritically borrowed. No one eversaid independent thinking is easy.

    Critical thinking is a tool that you as anindependent thinker can use. It can help you decide whether your old beliefsare sensible. It can help you examine new ideas or help you solve problems inreasonable ways.

    31. If we"reinvent the wheel (Para. 1)" formaking a decision, we __________.

    [A] think independently              [B] act on the basis of our ownexperiences

    [C] don't need input from others        [D] do something in a least efficientway

    32. To be anindependent thinker, we __________.

    [A] should take an anti-conformity attitude   [B] should have our own ways to seekinformation

    [C] should not swallow other people's ideas  [D] should not make an erroneous decision

    33. Refusing toaccept what is correct is __________.

    [A] an unreasonable reaction

    [B] an action not in conformity withtradition

    [C] the first step toward independentthinking

    [D] necessary for making up one'sindependent decision

    34. An independentthinker wouldn't like to make mistakes of someone else's. This is becausemaking such an error is an indication that __________.

    [A] he didn't think sensibly          [B] he uncritically borrowedsomeone's opinion

    [C] he didn't go against conformity    [D] he didn't learn any lessons from hisown experiences

    35. In whatfollows, the author would most probably explore __________.

    [A] how independent thinking differs fromdependent thinking

    [B] how one can think independently

    [C] what critical thinking is

    [D] why one should think critically

    Passage Four

    To non-critical readers, texts providefacts. Readers gain knowledge by memorizing the statements within a text.

    To the critical reader, any single text providesbut one portrayal of the facts on the subject matter. Critical readers thusrecognize not only what a text says, but also how that text portrays thesubject matter. They recognize the various ways in which each text is theunique creation of a unique author.

    Non-critical reading is satisfied withrecognizing what a text says and restating the key remarks.

    Critical reading goes two steps further.Having recognized what a text says, it reflects on what the text does by makingsuch remarks. Is it offering examples? Arguing? Making a contrast to clarify apoint? Finally, critical readers then infer what the text, as a whole, means ,based on the earlier analysis.

    Textbooks on critical reading commonly askstudents to accomplish certain goals:

    ● torecognize an author's purpose

    ● tounderstand tone and persuasive elements

    ● torecognize bias

    Notice that none of these goals actuallyrefers to something on the page. Each requires inferences from evidence withinthe text:

    ●recognizing purpose involves inferring a basis for choices of content andlanguage

    ●recognizing tone and persuasive elements involves classifying the nature oflanguage choices

    ●recognizing bias involves classifying the nature of patterns of choice ofcontent and language

    Critical reading is not simply close andcareful reading. To read critically, one must actively recognize and analyzeevidence upon the page.

    To sum up, critical reading assumes thateach author offers a portrayal of the topic. Critical reading thus relies on anexamination of those choices that any and all authors must make when framing apresentation: choices of content, language, and structure. Readers examine eachof the three areas of choice, and consider their effect on the meaning.

    36. Non-criticalreaders can __________.

    [A] learn little information from a text

    [B] learn a lot of information from a text

    [C] recognize if a piece of information istrue or false

    [D] recognize how a piece of information isrelated to another

    37. On the basisof understanding the facts contained in a text, a critical reader goes on_________.

    [A] to keep them in mind

    [B] to judge if the facts are unique

    [C] to see how the facts contribute to thedevelopment of the topic

    [D] to evaluate the ways the authoruniquely creates the facts

    38. According tothe passage, every remark an author makes in a text __________.

    [A] is interesting                       [B] is biased

    [C] has a persuasive element              [D] performs some actions

    39. Generallyspeaking, critical reading requires readers __________.

    [A] to read closely                      [B] to use imagination

    [C] to examine an author's choices          [D] to find the biased views in atext

    40. To makeinferences of various kinds, it is essential, first of all, __________.

    [A] to gather evidence from a text         [B] to put the text in a socialcontext

    [C] to recognize the author's purpose       [D] to analyze the author's choices

    Part III. Vocabulary and Structure (15points)

    Directions:There are 15incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked[A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter onthe Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

    41. Police areinvestigating how £20 million was illegally __________ out of the Trust's bankaccount.

    [A] transported      [B]transited         [C] transcended         [D] transferred

    42. It was hot inthe room so I __________ my tie.

    [A] lose           [B] loosened          [C] loose              [D] loss

    43. In this era offast economic development, both the producer and the seller should first meetthe needs of the customer. Anyone who fails to do so will be driven out of the market__________.

    [A] now and then     [B] sooneror later    [C] time and again       [D] off and on

    44. Climbing Mt.Everest is __________ but a pleasure trip.

    [A] something      [B]anything         [C] everything       [D] nothing

    45. I can __________you that we've spared no effort and spent quite a sum of money in pushing thesales of your products.

    [A] ensure         [B] assure           [C] insure            [D] promise

    46. After thedeath of her husband, it is __________ to send her son to America forfurther study.

    [A] by no means    [B] byall means      [C] beyond her means   [D] by means

    47. Mary’s scoreon the test is the highest in her class; she ________ have studied very hard.

    [A] may          [B] should           [C] must               [D] ought to

    48.  ________ that the trade between the twocountries reached its highest point.

    [A] During the 1960’s              [B] It was in the 1960’s 

    [C] That it was in the 1960’s          [D] It was the 1960’s

    49.  He suggested ________ to tomorrow’s exhibitiontogether.

    [A] us to go       [B]we went         [C] we shall go       [D]we go

    50.  No agreement was reached in the discussion asneither side would give way to ________.

    [A] the other       [B]any other        [C] another         [D] other

    51.  With agreement was reached I the discussion asneither side would give way to ________.

    [A] mustn’t go      [B]wouldn’t go     [C] oughtn’t to go    [D] shouldn’t have gone

    52.  If you want ________ you have to get the fundsomewhere.

    [A] that the job is done   [B] the job done   [C] to have done the job  [D] the job that is don

    53.  There is more land in Australia thanthe government knows ________.

    [A] what to do with     [B] how to do      [C]to do with it          [D] to do i 

    54. I have twoboys but ________ of them likes sweets.

    [A] both           [B] neither           [C] either             [D] none

    55.  Only by shouting at the top of his voice________.

    [A] was he able to make himself hear        [B] he was able to make himself hear

    [C] he was able to make himself heard       [D]was he able to make himself heard

    Part IV Translation (10 points)

    Directions: Translate the following sentences intoEnglish.

    56.Medical researchers are painfully aware that there are many problems 加入大家网学习成绩 (他们至今还没有答案).

    57.加入大家网学习成绩更理想(大多数父母所关心的) is providing the besteducation possible for their children.

    58.You’d better take a sweater with you 加入大家网学习成绩更理想 (以防天气变冷).

    59.Through the project, many people have received training and 加入大家网学习成绩更理想(决定自己创业).

    60.The anti-virus agent was not known加入大家网学习更理想 (直到一名医生偶然发现了它).

    Part V Writing   (15points)

    Directions:In this part, you are required to write a composition entitled The Occupation I Dream.You should write at least 120 words andbase your composition on the outline below:

    提示:

    1.     人们对职业各有不同的理想

    2.     我理想的职业是什么

    3.     我怎样为我理想的职业做准备


湖北文理学院2015年“专升本”考试

《大学英语》试题答题纸

题号

I

II

III

IV

V

总分

满分

20

40

15

10

15

100

得分

           

I. Listening Comprehension (20 points)

Section A 

1.[A][B][C][D]       2. [A][B][C][D]     3. [A][B][C][D]      4. [A][B][C][D]   5.[A][B][C][D]

6.                            [A][B][C][D]         7. [A][B][C][D]      8.  [A][B][C][D]   9.[A][B][C][D]  10.[A][B][C][D]

SectionB

11._____________  12._____________  13._____________  14._____________  15. _____________ 16._____________    17._____________

18.____________________________________________________________________________

19._____________________________________________________________________________

20.____________________________________________________________________________

II. ReadingComprehension (40 points)

21.[A][B][C][D]     22.[A][B][C][D]   23.[A][B][C][D]        24.[A][B][C][D]   25.[A][B][C][D]

26. [A][B][C][D]    27.[A][B][C][D]   28.[A][B][C][D]   29.[A][B][C][D]   30.[A][B][C][D]

31.[A][B][C][D]     32.[A][B][C][D]   33.[A][B][C][D]        34.[A][B][C][D]   35.[A][B][C][D]

36.[A][B][C][D]  37.[A][B][C][D]       38.[A][B][C][D]        39.[A][B][C][D]  40.[A][B][C][D]

III. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

41.[A][B][C][D]     42.[A][B][C][D]    43.[A][B][C][D]        44.[A][B][C][D]   45. [A][B][C][D]

46.[A][B][C][D]     47.[A][B][C][D]    48.[A][B][C][D]    49. [A][B][C][D]  50.[A][B][C][D]

51.[A][B][C][D]     52.[A][B][C][D]  53.[A][B][C][D]        54.[A][B][C][D]   55.[A][B][C][D]

IV. Translation (10 points)

56.________________________________________________________________

57.________________________________________________________________

58.________________________________________________________________

59.________________________________________________________________

60.________________________________________________________________

V. Writing (15 points)



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