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2010年10月综合英语(二)自考试题

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全国2010年10月自考
综合英语(二)试题
课程代码:00795


I. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY
Complete each of the following 15 sentences with the most likely answer. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points in all)
1. It is strange that such a thing ________in your company.
A. happen   B. happens
C. happened   D. has happened
2. She considered________ important that everything should be finished by ten.
A. that   B. what
C. it   D. which
3. I was surprised that no one ________them of the danger.
A. warns   B. warned
C. has warned   D. had warned
4. Alice is going to the photographer’s this afternoon ________.
A. to have taken her photograph  B. to have her photograph taken
C. to have her photograph being taken  D. to have her photograph been taken
5. The professor, ________whether anyone would come to help him, had to prepare for the experiment by himself.
A. did not know   B. having not known
C. had not known   D. not knowing
6. It was not until she arrived at the airport ________she realized she had forgotten her passport.
A. and   B. when
C. where   D. that
7. The promise of finding long-term technological solution ________the problem of world food safety seems difficult to fulfill.
A. to   B. for
C. of   D. at
8. It is difficult to predict what his ________to the result will be.
A. opinion   B. reaction
C. view   D. impression
9. To telephone him, you will have to ________his number in your phone book.
A. look to   B. look up
C. look through   D. look at
10. At the level of primary education, the most important task is to________ children’s interest in nature.
A. stimulate   B. enlarge
C. strengthen   D. expand
11. By the time the fire-engine arrived, the fire had been put ________by the inhabitants.
A. away   B. off
C. down   D. out
12. You are not allowed to make any changes to the book without the author’s________.
A. order   B. trust
C. permission   D. authority
13. A good education should, among other things, ________you to think for yourself.
A. force   B. make
C. tell   D. train
14. Because agriculture is so important to a nation’s well-being, governments have always been ________with it.
A. compared   B. concerned
C. connected   D. correlated
15. The ________progress of science and technology in the 20th century has brought enormous benefits to humankind.
A. magnificent   B. remarkable
C. grand   D. brilliant

II. CLOZE
Fill in each of the 15 blanks in the passage with the most likely answer. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points in all)
There are currently three living species of elephants: the African Bush Elephant, the African Forest Elephant and the Asian Elephant or Indian Elephant. Other species such as the mammoths (猛犸象)   16   before the last ice age but are now   17   .
Elephants live in a structured social order.  18   females spend their entire lives in tight-knit family groups   19   mothers, daughters, sisters and aunts, males live mostly solitary lives. Elephants   20   live for 50 to 70 years. The elephant’s pregnant period is 22 months, the longest of   21   land animal. Newborn elephant calves weigh   22   260 pounds.
Elephants spend about 16 hours a day finding and eating food. Their diet consists   23   grasses, leaves, bamboo, twigs, bark, roots and small amounts of fruits, seeds and flowers. Interestingly, elephants only digest 40% of   24   they eat; an adult elephant can consume 300-600 lb of food a day.
Elephant skin is thick, grey and wrinkled. The wrinkles help elephants stay cool   25   water gets trapped inside the wrinkles and evaporates slowly. Their hearing is   26   and they can detect noise from miles away.
One of the most distinct   27   attributes of elephants is their tusks. Elephants use their tusks to dig for food, mark their   28   and perform other tasks. Elephants’ tusks are made of ivory. The   29   elephant ivory is one of the major reasons people hunt elephants and thus have significantly   30   the world’s elephant population. For this reason and many others, many people around the world are working hard to protect the species from further extinction.
16. A. remained  B. stayed  C. existed  D. appeared
17. A. rare  B. extinct  C. plentiful  D. common
18. A. When  B. While C. As  D. Since
19. A. made up of  B. tied to  C. dependent on  D. filled with
20. A. naturally  B. largely  C. typically  D. characteristically
21. A. any  B. other  C. the  D. a
22. A. for example  B. on average  C. in fact  D. by chance
23. A. with  B. on  C. in  D. of
24. A. that  B. those  C. which  D. what
25. A. because  B. although  C. in case  D. so that
26. A. weak  B. lost  C. normal  D. keen
27. A. mental  B. physical  C. biological  D. psychological
28. A. territory  B. land  C. surroundings  D. area
29. A. supply of  B. call for  C. cost of  D. desire for
30. A. balanced  B. restricted  C. destroyed  D. increased

Ⅲ. PARAPHRASING
Choose the closest paraphrased version after each of the following sentences or the italicized part. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 10 points in all)
31. “We’ve got to believe it,” he said … “We can’t afford not to.”
A. There is no reason not to believe it.
B. We have no other choice but to believe it.
C. We should pretend to believe it even if we don’t.
D. The consequence of not believing it would be severe.
32. Unless one is wealthy there is no use in being a charming fellow.
A. Good looks is useless for a poor guy.
B. Nice appearance cannot make a person rich.
C. Rich men usually do not have nice personality.
D. One’s attractiveness does not come from material wealth.
33. No man [in, Carnegie’s family] would complain and give up—he would die first.
A. Even a dying family member would not complain and give up.
B. No one in the family dared to complain and give up for fear of death.
C. Every member of the family would rather die than complain and give up.
D. The family member who complained and gave up would be the first to die.
34. She had fancier ideas of [my] life’s possibilities.
A. She had impractical expectation of my future.
B. Her opinion about my life was proved wrong.
C. The goal she set for me was what I preferred.
D. She believed that I would be successful in life.
35. Time is treated [by Americans] as if it were something almost tangible.
A. Americans try various means to hold time tightly in their hands.
B. Americans are serious about time and they manage their time well.
C. To Americans, time is as valuable as money, which they can see and touch.
D. To Americans, time is like something solid, which they can seize and control.
36. Most hosts [of TV talk shows] are grateful just to get someone who will fill the room with sound.
A. Most hosts like those guests who come to the talk shows.
B. It’s really difficult for most hosts to find some talkative guests.
C. Most hosts are more than happy as long as the guests keep talking.
D. Whatever the guests say about themselves, most hosts wouldn’t mind.
37. It makes me very humble to think of a guy like Scotty.
A. I don’t want to be reminded of how great Scotty is.
B. Scotty is even more important than I’d like to admit.
C. The thought of Scotty doesn’t make me comfortable.
D. I feel I’m a nobody when I think of Scotty’s success.
38. The class discusses the possibility of terrorists’ using a homemade atomic bomb to push their extravagant political demands.
A. ... to promote their unique political ideas to a target government.
B. ... to force a government to accept their unreasonable political demands.
C. ... to persuade a government to agree with their terrorist political ideas.
D. ... to negotiate their extraordinary political demands with a government.
39. Nothing was too good for that child [Laura].
A. Laura deserved whatever her parents did for her.
B. Laura was never satisfied with whatever her parents did for her.
C. Laura was grateful to her parents for what her parents had done for her.
D. Laura was too greedy a child to appreciate what her parents had done for her.
40. For a second Rudolf thought his host [the lighthouse keeper] might be joking; but the serenity of the other’s expression reassured him.
A. ... but Rudolf found from the old man’s expression that he was not serious.
B. ... but Rudolf’s expression showed the old man that he was only joking.
C. ... but the old man’s calm expression convinced Rudolf that he was not joking.
D. ... but Rudolf looked peaceful, so the old man was sure that he meant what he said.
IV. READING COMPREHENSION
Read the two passages and choose the most likely answer to each of the questions. And write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (2 points each, 20 points in all)
Passage 1
The hottest issue that has captured the attention of everyone across the globe is the issue of Global Warming. After examining different researches and observations very carefully, it has been concluded that the overall temperature of the Earth is rising. Solid scientific findings have turned that from a mere theory to a harsh reality. And the worst part of this is that the bad effects of rising temperatures on eco-systems have already started to appear.
In a global movement to reduce carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere many initiatives are being taken both at private and government level. Many developed nations in the world have already started producing energy from eco-friendly means like solar, wind and thermal power. All these environment friendly sources of energy are also called green energy or green
 technology. With the use of green technology, efforts are underway to reduce the utilization of fossil fuels to produce energy. Several “Green Technologies” like water purification, recycling, sewerage and solid waste treatment and renewable energy are being successfully employed to achieve goals.
Many worldwide and global organizations are working with great efforts in order to conserve our environment and reduce the effects of Global Warming. But as an individual, you can also contribute by not contributing towards Global Warming. Several environmental organizations are promoting the use of energy saving and eco-friendly products. By choosing these “Green products” and refusing to use the old products which posed a threat to the atmosphere, each individual can also play a significant role.
Most manufacturing companies have started to produce eco-friendly and Green products for customers in order to become a part of the solution. Eco-friendly cars also known as “hybrid cars” are being manufactured on a limited scale to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Similarly many Environment friendly electronics and home appliances are available in the markets which are also affordable. These Green electronics have their power sources in solar and thermal power which is perfectly safe for the environment.
Green products like solar chargers and energy saver bulbs not only give better results by using less energy but they are also low-cost. Water saving spout is a great alternative to a normal tap, as it hugely reduces the waste of water. Its thermal censors allow the water to flow only when a human hand is under it and helps save up to 70% of normal water usage. Other green electronics include environmental air and water filters, solar battery chargers, energy saving kitchen appliances, vacuum cleaners and other home appliances that use less energy.
Each and every individual, irrespective of race and nationality, must unite and contribute to reduce Global Warming. Even if we cannot make a big contribution, by ensuring the use of Green products we can at least cease to be a part of the problem. The threat that Global Warming poses is in fact directed towards each and every human and animal living on Earth. By adopting Green living we can help save the Earth, which is by far the most beautiful place in the whole Universe.
41. According to the passage, Global Warming has aroused peoples’ attention because ________ .
A. it has gradually changed people’s way of living
B. many scientists have warned people of its danger
C. it has brought harmful effects on the environment
D. many governments have taken actions against it
42. What does the author try to emphasize in paragraph 3?
A. The importance of organizations’ work.
B. The necessity of individuals’ effort.
C. The popularity of green products.
D. The threat from the old products.
43. Which of the following can best describe the characteristics of “Green products”?
A. User-friendly and labor-saving.
B. Producer-friendly and cost-saving.
C. Energy-saving and environment-friendly.
D. Pollution-reducing and consumer-friendly.
44. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “irrespective” in the last paragraph?
A. Not considering.   B. Not announcing.
C. Not demanding.   D. Not mentioning.
45. Which of the following is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A. Global Warming is getting more and more serious.
B. We must do everything we can to save our planet.
C. All nations should unite to stop Global Warming.
D. Everyone’s effort is needed to cope with Global Warming.
Passage 2
When seventh graders in Stockton took a field trip to see elephant seals, they didn’t even step outside their school. Instead, with the help of a projector and a video camera, the students teleconferenced with a state park guide on the California coast.
Across a distance of 100 miles, students on the so-called “virtual field trip” got to talk with a guide, watch seals throw sand on themselves, and hear the beasts belch and bark. “If you can’t go somewhere, this can be the next best thing,” says Craig Wedegaertner, “or, it can be used to prepare students before they go there.”
As the days grow long and the school calendar short, field trip season is in full swing. But with fuel prices rocketing, some schools are discovering virtual field trips as a cost-effective way to add new—or farther afield—excursions.
As of last month, more than 1,125,000 students have participated in virtual field trips organized through the CILC (Center for Interactive Learning and Collaboration) website alone. Some 150 institutions—from National Aeronautics and Space Administration to the Bronx Zoo—list trips on the site, and each month sees another three or four additions.
The technology has been around for years, but it’s only now gaining widespread adoption in classrooms, says Ms. Blangkenbaker. There are several reasons: more schools with broadband, wider options for trips, rising costs for travel, and falling prices for teleconference systems. “With this technology, you have erased the geographic boundaries of your field trip experience with one$1,500 to $5,000 expenditure (on equipment),“ she says.
When Pluto was demoted as a planet, Cheryl Dultz’s set up a teleconference with a NASA educator who explained the reasons for the demotion to her third grade class in Citrus Heights, Calif. Like many proponents of the trend, she dislikes the term “virtual field trip” because it suggests that virtual trips might replace, rather than supplement, traditional trips.
“It would never take the place of a field trip, and in fact, I take as many field trips as I did before,” says Ms. Dultz. “I use the tool as an opportunity to have my students interact with experts in the field.”
 That’s what organizations hosting virtual field trips are hoping. California State Parks, for instance, set up the elephant seal trip to introduce a new, more diverse generation to the parks—and spur interest in eventually visiting. “The goal is laudable (值得称道的) and part of pioneering efforts by park systems across the country to reverse declining attendance,” says Richard Louv, author of Last Child in the Woods.
“The problem is I can see school districts say, ‘Why should we pay for buses if we can just do this?’” he says. “Classroom learning about nature is terrific, including a virtual field trip. But I would not classify that as experience. What kids are missing now is not information. What they need most is the hands-dirty, feet-wet experience in nature.”
Virtual field trips, by comparison, are often free once the school invests in the equipment. The cost of one teleconferencing system is only slightly higher than that of busing two classes to see those elephant seals in person. But Dr. Small emphasizes that he doesn’t anticipate reducing traditional trips. He still plans to send his students to the state capitol. But the students might later do a teleconference with their state representative.
Beyond cost, virtual trips can often be more focused and easily aligned to educational objectives, says Small and others. “Take the kids to the zoo and they are all over the place. Take them to the Bronx Zoo, virtually, and they can go behind the scenes and see the hairs in a buffalo’s nose,” says Blankenbaker.
46. What is the meaning of“virtual field trip” according to the context?
A. A trip with a guide.   B. A trip taken online.
C. A trip to a far away place.  D. A trip to the place you like.
47. What does Ms. Dultz think of virtual field trips?
A. Students will learn more in virtual field trips.
B. Virtual field trips are of little help to students.
C. Virtual field trips shouldn’t replace traditional trips.
D. Students enjoy virtual field trips more than traditional trips.
48. What’s one of the advantages of traditional trips over virtual field trips?
A. Schools spend less money on traditional trips.
B. Traditional trips offer students real experience.
C. Traditional trips do not require high technology.
D. Students can be better prepared before traditional trips.
49. Who holds the idea that virtual field trips provide students with more detailed knowledge than traditional trips?
A. Craig Wedegaertner.   B. Ms. Blangkenbaker.
C. Richard Louv.   D. Dr. Small.
50. What is the most important reason for the author to write this passage?
A. To promote new technologies in virtual field trips.
B. To encourage more people to take virtual field trips.
C. To teach schools to organize both traditional and virtual field trips.
D. To introduce virtual field trips as a supplement to traditional trips.
V. WORD DERIVATION
Complete each of the following sentences with a (compound) word derived from the one(s) given in brackets. Write your word on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 10 points in all)
51. Discussion and debates are my ________ way of learning. (favor)
52. Those who lack ________ knowledge will have fewer opportunities for good jobs. (science)
53. I work ________ hours, so it’s hard to develop a routine. (regular)
54. We may expect that science and technology will continue to contribute to the ________of human society. (develop)
55. Some people believe that cigarette smoking is a moral ________ that affects individuals and society. (weak)
56. A person’s ability to communicate ________ via e-mail depends highly on his or her writing skills. (effective)
57. Music composing involves imagination and ________ thinking as well as rich life experience. (create)
58. The company shouldn’t let the customers ________ the extra cost. (shoulder)
59. Better wages have stimulated the ________ to work harder. (employ)
60. People engaged in normal ________ work will have a high temperature during the hours of wakefulness and a low one at night. (time, day)

VI. SENTENCE TRANSLATION
Turn the following sentences into English and write your sentences on the answer sheet. (3 points each, 15 points in all)
61.和同时代的歌手相比,她的嗓音比别人都甜美。
62.他们合作失败的根源在于缺乏相互信任。
63.你认为谁最有可能成为下届学生会主席?
64.冠军选手说他永远不会忘记和他共同经历了欢乐与悲伤的队友们。
65.我们的企业在转型过程中,急需有海外工作经验的人。

Ⅶ. WRITING
Write a composition on the answer sheet in about 150 words, basing yourself on one of the texts you have learned. (15 points)
Topic: Follow the ideas in “Culture Shock” by Oberg, write for a group of students who are going to study abroad to prepare them for the culture shock.
You can use this outline:
1. Briefly explain the causes of culture shock.
2. Explain the four stages of culture shock.
3. Express wishes for the students.

 


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