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2010年1月英语写作基础自考试题

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全国2010年1月自考
英语写作基础试题
课程代码:00597


I. 重写句子(20 points,2 points each)
  Revise the following sentences according to the requirements.
Example: The history of English words is the history of our civilization in many ways.
(periodic sentence)
In many ways,the history of English words is the history of our civilization.
1.Many people love playing table tennis in China.(periodic sentence)
2.Mary is five,pretty,and wears a dress.(long sentence)
3.The statisticians took the average of the figures for the whole year. Holidays and weekends  are included.(simple sentence)
4.The bad boy hit her on the face. She fell onto the floor and cried.(compound sentence)
5.Britain came a narrow second to Hungary with 51%.In Britain,men devoted 49%of their  free-time to the box.(complex sentence)
6.They like the chance to make friends. They want to be near their classes. Many students say  that.(compound-complex sentence)
7.The learners can draw the pictures in pen. They can also draw the pictures in pencil.  (sentence with parallel structure)
8.Fifty-seven percent of young people in the U.S. graduated,and these young people obtained  a Bachelor of Arts degree in four years.(sentence with a prepositional phrase)
9.In the United States,the legal age to drink alcohol is twenty-one. Twenty-one is one of the  highest in the world.(sentence with a noun phrase)
10.She was finally able to tell her story as now she was divorced.(sentence with a  verb-ed...phrase)

Ⅱ.改写病句(1 5 points,3 points each)
  Correct the errors in the following sentences.
Example:Made by his mother,Tony ate up the cake.
Tony ate up the cake made by his mother.
11.Reading is an important part of our lives it is hard to imagine it can be replaced.
12.Before the widespread use of the Internet. There was no universal way to download new   reading materials.
13.Without low-cost transportation .Millions of Africans have a long walk to their destinations.
14.To lose weight,hamburgers must not be eaten.
15.In Africa,people walk to fetch water,get to school and to travel to the market.

Ⅲ.标出主题句(15 points,5 points each)
16.Choose the best topic sentence from the group below by writing A,B,C or D.
  A. Obesity can cause a range of psychological problems.
  B. The BMA report highlighted a physical problem obesity causes.
  C. Adults are overweight if they have a BMI index over 30.
  D. The charity Weight Concern emphasizes the problems of child obesity.
  Answer:___________________________________________________________________
17.Read the following paragraph and underline the topic sentence.
  There are several ways for a kid to save money. Many banks offer free savings accounts for  children. A great way to utilize your savings account is to deposit a specific amount of your  allowance each month. The amount is not much but will add up and help you out a little  over time! A lot of banks that offer kids accounts require a parent’s signature if the kids  want to withdraw money from their savings. This means the bank account might be a little  inconvenient when it comes to purchasing your wanted items. If you would rather have full  authority over your money,or if you cannot find a kids’bank plan that you like,there are  ways for you to save money at your home .A great way to save money at home is to put a  portion of your allowance in a cookie jar or piggy bank in your room. Another way to save  money is to put all of your coins in a piggy bank. Coins can collect fast and add up to a lot of money!
18.Read the following paragraph carefully and choose the best topic sentence from the  four possible answers that follow the paragraph by writing A,B,C or D.
  In most animals and humans,the desire to sleep is brought on by secretion of a hormone  called melatonin. Melatonin is produced in a tiny gland known as the pineal gland. In the  evening,the pineal gland reacts to the diminishing levels of daylight and starts to produce  melatonin,which is then released into the blood and flows through the body making us  drowsy. Its secretion peaks in the middle of the night during our heaviest hours of sleep. In  the morning,bright light shining through the eye reaches the pineal gland which reacts by  switching off the production of melatonin,thus removing the desire to sleep.
A. Chemicals are important in our body.
B. The pineal gland is linked up to other parts of our body.
C. Light determines our sleep/wake cycle.
  D. Melatonin directs various functions of our body.
  Topic sentence:_______________________________________________________________

 Ⅳ.重新组合段落(10 points,2 points each)
  Rearrange the following numbered sentences so that they  will read logically. Put the numbers in proper sequence in  the boxes provided below.
19.“State of the art”describes something that is as modern as possible.
20.Computer technology changed so fast that a“state of the art”computer today might be old tomorrow.
21.Because of improvements in technology,people could buy many new kinds of products in  American stores,such as home computers and microwave ovens.
22.“High tech” and“state of the art”are two expressions that describe very modern  technology.
23.A“state of the art”product is based on the very latest methods and technology.
24.The expression“state of the art”became as common and popular as computers themselves.
25.High tech became a popular expression in the United States during the early 1980’s.
26.Now all kinds of products are said to be“state of the art.”

 

 

 

19

23

 

24

 



V.标出与段落内容无关的句子(10 points,five points each) 
Read the following paragraph and underline the TWO  irrelevant sentences.
Research scientists at the Institute note that babies are strongly influenced by their environment. They say a baby will smile if its mother does something the baby likes. A baby learns to get the best care possible by smiling to please its mother or other caregiver(照料者). Its mother or other caregiver then understands its information. This is how babies learn to connect and communicate with other people. The American researchers say this ability to learn exists in a baby even before birth. They say newborn babies can recognize and understand sounds they heard while they were still developing inside their mothers. A study last month from the Netherlands found evidence that unborn babies can remember sounds. This study was very  valuable indeed. Dutch researchers studied almost one hundred pregnant(怀孕的)women. They played sounds to the growing fetus(胎儿)and watched its movements with ultrasound(超声)devices. They found that by thirty weeks of development the fetus could remember a sound for ten minutes. By the thirty-fourth week,the fetus could remember the sound for four weeks.

Ⅵ.写信(30 points)
  Write a letter of application according to the following requirements: You came across an advertisement from Yangcheng Evening News that ABC Company is  recruiting an English translator. In your letter,make  sure to provide some necessary information such as your  age,your hobbies and some of your qualifications like your  language proficiency and your working experience. Don’t  forget to leave your phone number(136)  for further contact.(150-200 words)

 


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