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自考高级英语试题_浙江省2009年4月自考试卷

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浙江省2009年4月自学考试高级英语试题


课程代码:10005
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Part I. Vocabulary (20%)
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence. Then write the answer on the ANSWER SHEET.
1. If this method doesn’t ______, we’ll have to think of another way.
A. come down  B. come to
C. come across  D. come off
2. The patient ______ eating anything for five days.
A. went through  B. went without
C. went on  D. went in for
3. The plane ______ so smoothly that the passengers could hardly feel it.
A. took off  B. took on
C. took down  D. took up
4. ______ friends helped him to get appointed ambassador to France.
A. Efficient  B. Influential
C. Impressive  D. Effective
5. It’s a great pity that those fine old houses had to be ______ to make way for the new road.
A. pulled up  B. pulled together
C. pulled down  D. pulled on
6. He was on the point of slipping down the slope when he heard someone shouting to him to ______ the rope.
A. hang about  B. hang together
C. hang up  D. hang on to
7. Before he went to Europe on a business trip, Mr. Ford ______ the day-to-day management of his company to his brother.
A. turned over  B. turned out
C. turned in  D. turned up
8. It’s shameful to ______ in face of danger.
A. hold in  B. hold back
C. hold up  D. hold out
9. He ______ freedom of speech for everyone, regardless of color, race or creed.
A. stood for  B. stood up to
C. stood out  D. stood by
10. When Alfred Nobel died, an annual peace prize was established ______.
A. at his service  B. with his consent
C. in his memory  D. on his part
11. It’s hard to ______ the knowledge that he is a failure.
A. live up to  B. live by
C. live out  D. live with
12. She has such a distinctive appearance that I could ______ her ______ anywhere.
A. pick … up  B. pick … out
C. pick … at  D. pick … on
13. You have been ______ since the early hours of this morning, and I think you should stop for the good of your health.
A. working up  B. working on
C. working away  D. working off
14. Our representative, Mr. Brown, ______ an important customer on the West coast last week and renewed a contract.
A. called for  B. called forth
C. called on  D. called up
15. Mother hasn’t ______ you for quite some time. She is beginning to think you must be ill.
A. heard about  B. heard out
C. heard of  D. heard from
16. Examinations are not the only means of ______ a student’s ability.
A. assessing  B. assuming
C. asserting  D. assigning
17. Sam wanted to quit his job, but when he ______ the matter he decided not to.
A. thought ahead  B. thought out
C. thought about  D. thought back
18. The applause ______ and the actors were able to continue.
A. died down  B. died out
C. died off  D. died away
19. In evaluating applicants some colleges ______ heavily ______ interviews.
A. lean … to  B. lean … towards
C. lean … on  D. lean …over
20. Then Eisenhower retired from the United States Army; he had decided to ______ President.
A. run at  B. run for
C. run into  D. run after
Part II. Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best fits into the passage and write it on the ANSWER SHEET.
    The world population is increasing  21   the rate of 139 people every minute, or more than seventy million more human beings every year. If the current rate of  22   continues, the present world population of four point two billion will double  23   the end of this century.
    Many demographers say that the world food supply cannot keep pace  24   the population. They are  25   “localized famines” in the developing countries, beginning in the next decade. Others are less  26   . They look  27   the sea to supply food for the  28   , or point out the successes of new high yield strains of wheat and rice.
    The world population  29   grow very slowly. For many  30   the birth rate held only a slim margin over the death rate. Then came the  31   of modern medicine. Medical science found cures for diseases that once held population  32   check. Babies  33   today have a greater chance of growing to maturity than ever before. People live  34   too. The death rate is down, and the birth rate, while declining in some countries, remains high, so population  35  .
    Technology has made significant gains, too, but in many developing countries these gains are wiped  36   because population grows  37  . Americans have usually thought of the population crisis  38   something that exists halfway around the world. It has long been popular belief that “people in poor countries have too many  39  ,” while the affluent US has no such worries  40  .
21. A. on  B. about  C. over  D. at
22. A. enlarge  B. expansion  C. growth  D. swell
23. A. by  B. before  C. to  D. after
24. A. along  B. with  C. to  D. between
25. A. profaned  B. predicted  C. predicting  D. profaning
26. A. pessimistic  B. optimistic  C. pessimist  D. optimist
27. A. to  B. at  C. up  D. over
28. A. old  B. young  C. rich  D. hungry
29. A. is used to  B. used to  C. get used to  D. being used to
30. A. ages  B. times  C. centuries  D. years
31. A. rise  B. jump  C. raise  D. appear
32. A. on  B. in  C. out  D. about
33. A. killed  B. born  C. died  D. disabled
34. A. taller  B. longer  C. older  D. fatter
35. A. soars  B. extends  C. flies  D. extend
36. A. up  B. through  C. under  D. across
37. A. swift  B. fast  C. quick  D. Hasty
38. A. like  B. of  C. as  D. to
39. A. taxes  B. children  C. debts  D. diseases
40. A. at last  B. on earth  C. yet  D. at all
Part III. Reading Comprehension (40%)
Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Read each passage carefully and decide on the best answer. Then write the answer on the ANSWER SHEET.
Passage One
    One of the good things for men in women’s liberation is that men no longer have to pay women the old-fashioned courtesies.
    In an article on the new manners, Ms. Holmes says that a perfectly able woman no longer has to act helplessly in public as if she were a model. For example, she doesn’t need help getting in and out of cars. “Women get in and out of cars twenty times a day with babies and dogs. Surely they can get out by themselves at night just as easily.”
    She also says there is no reason why a man should walk on the outside of a woman on the sidewalk. “Historically the man walked on the inside so he caught the garbage thrown out of a window. Today a man is supposed to walk on the outside. A man should walk where he wants to. So should a woman. If, out of love and respect, he actually wants to take the blows, he should walk on the inside —— because that’s where attackers are all hiding these days.”
    As far as manners are concerned, I suppose I have always been a supporter of women’s liberation. Over the years, out of a sense of respect, I imagine, I have refused to trouble women with outdated courtesies.
    It is usually easier to follow rules of social behavior than to depend on one’s own taste. But rules may be safely broken, of course, by those of us with the gift of natural grace. For example, when a man and woman are led to their table in a restaurant and the waiter pulls out a chair the woman is expected to sit in the chair. That is according to Ms. Ann Clark. I have always done it the other way according to my wife.
    It came up only the other night. I followed the hostess to the table, and when she pulled the chair out I sat on it quite naturally since it happened to be the chair I wanted to sit in.
    “Well”, my wife said when the hostess had gone. “You did it again.”
    “Did what?” I asked, utterly confused.
    “Took the chair.”
    Actually, since I’d walked through the restaurant ahead of my wife, it would have been awkward, I should think, not to have taken the chair. I had got there first after all.
    Also it has always been my custom to get in a car first and let the woman get in by herself. This is a courtesy. I insist on as the stronger sex, out of love and respect. In times like these, there might be attackers hidden about. It would be unsuitable to put a woman in a car and then shut the door on her, leaving her at the mercy of some bad fellow who might be hiding in the back seat.
41. It can be concluded from the passage that ______.
A. men should walk on the inside of a sidewalk
B. women are becoming more capable than before
C. in women’s liberation men are also liberated
D. it’s safe to break rules of social behavior
42. The author was “utterly confused” because he ______.
A. took the chair out of habit  B. was trying to be polite
C. was slow in understanding  D. had forgotten what he did
43. He took the chair for all the following reasons EXCEPT that ______.
A. he got to the chair first  B. he happened to like the seat
C. his wife ordered him to do so  D. he’d walked ahead of his wife
44. The author always gets in a car before a woman because he ______.
A. wants to protect her  B. doesn’t need to help her
C. chooses to be impolite to her  D. fears attacks on him
45. Which of the following best states the main idea of the passage?
A. Manners ought to be thrown away altogether.
B. In manners one should follow his own judgment.
C. Women no longer need to be helped in public.
D. Men are not expected to be courteous to women.
Passage Two
    Theodore Dreiser is old —— he is very, very old. I do not know how many years he has lived, perhaps forty, perhaps fifty, but he is very old. Something gray and bleak and hurtful, that has been in the world perhaps forever, is personified in him.
    When Dreiser is gone men shall write books, many of them, and in the books they shall write there will be so many of the qualities Dreiser lacks. The new, the younger men shall have a sense of humor, and everyone knows Dreiser has no sense of humor. More than that, American prose writers shall have grace, lightness of touch, a dream of beauty breaking through the husks of life.
    O, those who follow him shall have many things that Dreiser does not have. That is a part of the wonder and beauty of Theodore Dreiser, the things that others shall have because of him.
    Long ago, when he was editor of the Delineator, Dreiser went one day, with a woman friend, to visit an orphan asylum. The woman once told me the story of that afternoon in the big, ugly gray building, folding and refolding his pocket-handkerchief and watching the children-all in their little uniforms, trooping in.
    “The tears ran down his cheeks and he shook his head”, the woman said, and that is a real picture of Theodore Dreiser. He is old in spirit and he does not know what to do with life, so he tells about it as he sees it, simply and honestly. The tears run down his cheeks and he folds and refolds the pocket-handkerchief and shakes his head.
    Heavy, heavy, the feet of Theodore. How easy to pick some of his books to pieces, to laugh at him for so much of his heavy prose.
    The feet of Theodore are making a path, the heavy brutal feet. They are tramping through the wilderness of lies, making a path. Presently the path will be a street, with great arches overhead and delicately carved spires piercing the sky. Along the street will run children, shouting,“Look at me. See what I and my fellows of the new day have done”-forgetting the heavy feet of Dreiser.
    The followers of the ink-pots, the prose writers in America who follow Dreiser, will have much to do that has never done. Their road is long but, because of him, those who follow will never have to face the road through the wilderness of Puritan denial, the road that Dreiser faced alone.
    Heavy, heavy, hangs over thy head,
    Fine, or superfine?
46. This passage is to ______.
A. criticize Theodore Dreiser  B. praise Theodore Dreiser
C. defend Theodore Dreiser  D. ridicule Theodore Dreiser
47. “Heavy, heavy, the feet of Theodore.” It means ______.
A. Theodore Dreiser was very, very old
B. Theodore Dreiser was old in spirit
C. Theodore Dreiser was tramping through the wilderness
D. the tone in Theodore Dreiser’s works was very heavy
48. What happened when Dreiser went to an orphan asylum one day?
 A. He burst into tears.  B. He felt pity for the children there.
 C. He shook his head.  D. All of the above.
49. What is the meaning of “the followers of the ink-pots”?
A. People who follow Theodore Dreiser.
B. People who like Theodore Dreiser.
C. People who write.
D. People who write prose.
50. What can you infer from the passage?
A. Dreiser had no sense of humor.
B. Dreiser lived a hard life throughout his life.
C. Dreiser paved a way for the younger writers in America.
D. Both A and B.
Passage Three
    In America’s fiercely adversarial legal system, a lawyer is essential. Ask O. J. Simpson. In a landmark case 35 years ago, Gideon v. Wainwright, a unanimous Supreme Court ruled that indigent defendants must be provided with a lawyer at state expense because there could be no fair trial in a serious criminal case without one. “This seems to us to be an obvious truth,” wrote Justice Hugo Black in his opinion. At the time, the decision was hailed as a triumph for justice, an example of America’s commitment to the ideal of equality before the law.
    This is the image most Americans still have of their criminal-justice system-the fairest in the world, in which any defendant, no matter how, gets a smart lawyer who, too often, manages to get the culprit off on a technicality. Nothing could be further from the truth. About 80% of people accused of a felony have to depend on a publicly-provided lawyer; but over the past two decades the eagerness of politicians to look harsh on crime, their reluctance to pay for public defenders, and a series of Supreme Court judgments restricting the grounds for appeal have made a mockery of Gideon. Today many indigent defendants, including those facing long terms of imprisonment or even death, are treated to a “meet‘em and plead’em” defense-a brief consultation in which a harried or incompetent lawyer encourages them to plead guilty or, if that fails, struggle through a short trial in which the defense is massively outgunned by a more experienced, better-paid and better-prepared prosecutor.
    “We have a wealth-based system of justice,” says Stephen Bright, the director of the Southern Center for Human Rights. “For the wealthy, it’s gold-plated. For the average poor person, it’s like being herded to the slaughterhouse. In many places the adversarial system barely exists for the poor.”
    Many lawyers, of course, have made heroic efforts for particular defendants for little or no pay, but the charity of lawyers can be relied on to handle only a tiny fraction of cases. As spending on police, prosecutors and prisons has steadily climbed in the past decade, increasing the number of people charged and imprisoned, spending on indigent defense has not kept pace, overwhelming an already hard-pressed system.
51. The word “indigent” (Paragraph 1) most probably means ______.
A. wealthy  B. criminal
C. poverty-stricken  D. innocent
52. It can be inferred from the passage that O. J. Simpson was probably ______.
A. a person who was found not guilty because he hired a very good lawyer
B. a person who won his case because he was provided with a lawyer at state expense
C. a person who was denied a lawyer and thus lost his case in the court
D. a brilliant lawyer who won numerous cases for the average poor people
53. What is that author’s view of America’s adversarial legal system?
A. It is the embodiment of the ideal of equality before the law.
B. It is the fairest criminal-justice system in the world.
C. As it is, it benefits the rich but works against the poor.
D. It is unfair by nature and should be overhauled.
54. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Lawyers who provide defense for the poor often work heroically for little or no pay at all.
B. As crime rate increases, American politicians have become more tolerant towards crime than before.
C. In America, if a person refuses to accept the judgment of a lower court, he can always appeal to the Supreme Court.
D. Government-provided lawyers tend to go through the formalities of defense and prove to be no match for the prosecutors.
55. What is the author’s specific purpose in writing this passage?
A. To appeal for more public spending on court defense for the poor.
B. To criticize America’s fiercely adversarial legal system.
C. To draw attention to the injustice of the American legal system.
D. To make a suggestion on how to mend the criminal-justice system.
Passage Four
    Forces other than damaging winds are also at work inside tornadoes. Sometimes, as the writhing (翻腾,扭动), twisting funnel passes over a house, the walls and ceiling burst apart as if a bomb had gone off inside. This explosion is caused by the low air pressure at the center of a tornado.
    The pressure at the center of a tornado is usually 13 pounds per square inch. However, inside the house the air pressure is normal, about 15 pounds per square inch. The difference of 2 pounds per square inch between the inside and outside pressure may not seem like much. But suppose a tornado funnel passes over a small building, which measures 20 by 10 feet. On each square inch of the building, there is 2 pounds of pressure from the inside that is not balanced by air pressure outside the building. On the ceiling, that adds up to an unbalanced pressure of 57,600 pounds. The pressure on the four walls adds up to 172,800 pounds.
    If windows are open in the building, some of the inside air will rush out through them. This will balance the pressure inside and outside the building. But if the windows are shut tightly, the enormous inside pressure may cause the building to burst.
    Unfortunately, heavy rain and hail often occur in thunderstorms that later produce tornadoes. So people frequently shut all windows to protect their property. They may cause far worse damage later. For the same reason, tornado cellars must have an air vent. Otherwise, the cellar door might be blown out when a tornado passes over it.
56. What did the paragraph preceding the passage most probably discuss?
A. Measuring rainfall from a storm.
B. The powerful winds of tornadoes.
C. The kinds of damage caused by explosions.
D. Repairing the damage from tornadoes.
57. What happens to a shut house when a tornado passes by?
A. A bomb goes off inside.  B. The house explodes.
C. It stands there as usual.  D. It goes together with the tornado.
58. According to the passage, tornadoes can destroy building because ______.
A. the force of a tornado increases the air pressure in a building
B. the air pressure at the center of a tornado is over 172,000 pounds
C. the weight of a tornado can crush a building’s roof when it passes overhead
D. the air pressure inside a tornado is less than the air pressure inside a building
59. What is the difference per square inch between the air pressure inside a building and the air pressure inside a tornado?
A. 2 pounds.  B. 10 pounds.
C. 13 pounds.  D. 15 pounds.
60. We may infer from the passage that the pressure on a building during a tornado can be relieved by ______.
A. closing the cellar  B. opening the windows
C. using a fan for ventilation  D. strengthening the roof and walls
Part IV. Translation (15%)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English.
61. 她很感激的是她保住了自己的工作而大多数工友都下了岗。
62. 据报道迄今为止警方还没有发现逃犯。
63. 除了体质上的毛病之外,这些病人还表现出某些精神病的症状。
64. 我们尽力为新学校挑选最好的教职员工。
65. 他声称他喜欢他的新工作,但他那讲话的声音里并没有多少自信。
Part V. Writing (15%)
Directions: Write an essay in about 150 words to express your view on migrant workers in our country.


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