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英语词汇学试题_浙江省2009年4月自考试卷

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英语词汇学试题_浙江省2009年4月自考试卷

I. Each of the statements below is followed by four alternative answers. Choose the one that would best complete the statement. (15%, 1 point for each)
1. Modern English vocabulary develops through three channels:  ______.(      )
A. creation, semantic change and borrowing.
B. creation, borrowing and back-formation
C. semantic change, borrowing and back-formation
D. creation, conversion and borrowing
2. The differences between sound and form are due to  ______.(      )
A. the fact of more phonemes than letters in English 
B. innovations made by linguists
C. influence of the work of scribes
D. stabilization of spelling by printing
3. According to the textbook, Old English has a vocabulary of about ______ words.(      )
A. 10,000 to 20,000 B. 50,000 to 60,000
C. 20,000 to 30,000 D. 80,000 to 90,000
4. Which of the following is NOT true?(      )
A. A word is the smallest form of a language.
B. A word is a sound unity.
C. A word has a given meaning.
D. A word can be used freely in a sentence.
5. The Norman Conquest in 1066 started a continual flow of ______ words into the English vocabulary. (      )
A. Greek B. Danish
C. French    D. Latin
6. Lexicology is a branch of linguistics, inquiring into ______ of words.(      )
A. the lexical and grammar meanings B. the origins and meanings 
C. only the origins D. only the meanings
7. People often use antonyms in proverbs to ______.(      )
A. form antithesis to achieve emphasis  B. express ideas economically
C. form metaphors D. express ideas easily
8. The meanings of etymologically motivated words relate directly to their ______.(      )
A. word-formation B. the morphemes combined
C. semantic change D. origins
9. Words like tick-tuck and ping-pong are ______ motivated.(      )
A. semantically  B. morphologically
C. onomatopeically D. etymologically
10. ______ refers to the process by which the meanings of words rise from humble beginnings to positions of importance.(      )
A. Extension  B. Narrowing
C. Elevation  D. Degradation
11. We can distinguish synonyms according to the three aspects: ______.(      )
A. denotation, connotation and intensity B. connotation, intensity and application
C.denotation, connotation and application D. connotation, implication and application
12. Generally, there are two major factors that cause changes in meaning: extra-linguistic and linguistic factors. The former includes: ______.(      )
A. historic, class and nationality reasons B. historic, moral and nationality reasons
C. class, moral and psychological reasons  D. historic, class and psychological reasons
13. Unlike reference, sense denotes the relationships ______.(      )
A. outside the language   B. inside the language
 C. with the meaning D. between the language and the world
14. Collins COBUILD English Language Dictionary ( CCELD) (1987) has such unique features as ______.(      )
A. definition, usage examples and language notes 
B. definition, extra column and usage examples 
C. definition, extra column and language notes
D. definition, usage examples and clear grammar codes
15. According to the textbook, the best-known unabridged dictionary is ______.(      )
A. The World Book Dictionary   B. The Encyclopedia Americana
C. Webster’s New World Dictionary  D.  Webster’s Third New International Dictionary
II. Decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write T for true and F for false. (20%, 2 points for each)
16. (      ) A stem may consist of a single root morpheme as in iron or of two root morphemes as in a compound like handcuff.
17. (      ) Free morphemes and root words are identical.
18. (      ) The four major foreign contributors to English vocabulary in earlier times are Latin, French, Scandinavian and Italian.
19. (      ) The majority of prefixes are characterized by their class changing nature. Their chief function is to change meanings of the stems.
20. (      ) Words produced by conversion are primarily nouns, adjectives, and verbs. The most productive, however, is the conversion that takes place between verbs and nouns.
21. (      ) Of the five groups of idioms, idioms verbal in nature are the largest group.
22. (      ) Collocation (www.hbzkw.com) cannot affect the meaning of words.
23. (      ) Most homonyms are words that are the same in spelling, but differ in sound and meaning.
24. (      ) Antonyms should be opposites of similar intensity.
25. (      ) Narrowing of meaning, also called generalization, is the opposite of widening meaning.

Ⅲ. Match the words in Column A with the words in Column B according to the sense relations. (10%, 1 point for each)

A

B

26. husband / wife

A. emotive synonyms

27. date (v.) / date (n.)

B. relative terms

28. small / little

C. animal / hyponymy

29. elephant, dog

D. contrary terms

30. son/sun

E. perfect homonyms

31. sow (n.) / sow (v.)

F. superordinate / subordinate

32. flower / rose

G. Homographs

33. open / close

H. contradictory terms

34. true / false

I. Homophones

35. railroad / railway

J. dialectal synonyms


26. (      )27. (      )28. (      )29. (      )30. (      )
31. (      )32. (      )33. (      )34. (      )35. (      )
Ⅳ. Complete the following statements with proper expressions according to the textbook. (10%, 2 points for each)
36. A word is a ______ free form of a language that has a given sound and meaning and syntactic function.
37. Modern English is subdivided into Early and ______ Modern English.
38. There are two types of morphemes: free morphemes and ______ morphemes.
39. A semantic field is useful because it helps pin down the ______ of words in relation to other words in the semantic field.
40. Words may fall into ______ words and borrowed words by origin.
Ⅴ. Study the following words and decide how each word is formed. (10%, 2 points for each)
Example: disobey(Affixation)
41. somebody           (          )
42. phone              (          )
43.babysit              (          )
44. laser               (          )
45. motel              (          )
Ⅵ. Answer the following questions. (20%, 5 points for each)
46. How do compounds differ from free phrases?
47. What is associative meaning?
48. What is semantic motivation?
49. What are the functions of context?
Ⅶ. Analyze and comment on the given sentences. Pick out the idiom in the sentence, and point out its structure, grammatical function and figure of speech. (15%)
50. She told me that her grandfather kicked the bucket last year.

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