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2017年10月湖北自考英语(二)串讲练习(8.8)

来源: 整编:湖北自考网 发表时间:2017-08-8 10:03:02 【湖北自考网:湖北自学考试门户网】

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>>>2017年湖北自考公共课串讲练习题【汇总】

1.单选题

[阅读选择]War may be a natural expression of biological instinct and drives toward aggression in the human species. Natural impulses of anger, hostility, and territoriality (守卫地盘的天性) are expressed through acts of violence. These are all qualities that humans share with animals. Aggression is a kind of innate (天生的) survival mechanism, an instinct for self-preservation, that allows animals to defend themselves from threats to their existence. But, on the other hand, human violence shows evidence of being a learned behavior. In the case of human aggression, violence can not be simply reduced to an instinct. The many expressions of human violence are always conditioned by social conventions that give shape to aggressive behavior. In human societies violence has a social function: It is a strategy for creating or destroying forms of social order. Religious traditions have taken a leading role in directing the powers of violence. We will look at the ritual and ethical (道德上的) patterns within which human violence has been directed.

Human violence shows evidence of being a learned behavior in that ______.

A、it threatens the existing social systems

B、it is influenced by society

C、it has roots in religious conflicts

D、it is directed against institutions of law

正确答案:B

答案解析:本段指出了人类暴力的两个特性,其中第二个特性是“a learned behavior”。可以知道本题的答案应该就在本段的后面部分。接下来的第二句话即说人类暴力的诸多表现形式都受社会习惯的制约:The many expressions of human violence are always conditioned by social conventions that give shape to aggressive behavior,将其定型为侵略性行为。

2.单选题

[阅读选择]The violence within a society is controlled through institutions of law. The more developed a legal system becomes, the more society takes responsibility for the discovery, control, and punishment of violent acts. In most tribal societies the only means to deal with an act of violence is revenge. Each family group may have the responsibility for personally carrying out judgment and punishment upon the person who committed the offense. But in legal systems, the responsibility for revenge becomes depersonalized and diffused. The society assumes the responsibility for protecting individuals from violence. In cases where they cannot be protected, the society is responsible for imposing punishment.

The function of legal systems, according to the passage, is ______.

A、to control violence within a society

B、to protect the world from chaos

C、to free society from the idea of revenge

D、to give the government absolute power

正确答案:A

答案解析:本段的第一句话The violence within a society is controlled through institutions of law 是本题的答案。

 

 


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