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2012年10月英语写作基础自考试题

来源: 整编:湖北自考网 发表时间:2012-12-5 15:00:45 【湖北自考网:湖北自学考试门户网】

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全国2012年10月英语写作基础自考试题


请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案、写在答题纸上。全部题目用英文作答。

选择题部分
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。
2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。


I. 重写句子(15 points, 1.5 points each) Rewrite each of the following sentences according to the requirement in brackets.
Example: The history of English words is the history of our civilization in many ways. (periodic sentence)
 In many ways, the history of English words is the history of our civilization.
1. I go to medical school. They want me to do that. (simple sentence)
2. Although Lilliput was such a pretty country, there was trouble and danger there. (loose construction)
3. Sports play a huge role in a nation’s culture. This is especially true in the United States. (compound sentence)
4. The size of the student body has diminished this year owing to decreased enrollment. (periodic sentence)
5. Her father won’t let her go to the party tonight. She’s in a bad mood. (complex sentence)
6. It was fortunate that the weather last winter was quite mild. (sentence with –ly opener)
7. Melinda was afraid that the other kids would laugh at her. She kept silent. (sentence with a modifying phrase)
8. She worked long hours. She saved every penny she could. She denied herself luxuries. She managed to save enough for an education. (sentence with parallel structure)
9. My friend has a nine-year-old daughter. She is very clever at sewing. She has made clothes for her baby brother. (long sentence)
10. The farmers grew worried. Clouds were forming over the mountains- They hoped a wind would blow the clouds south. (compound-complex sentence)

II. 修改语句 (15 points,3 points each) Correct the errors in the following sentences.
Example: After seeing an offensive mouthwash ad on television. I resolved never to buy that brand again.
 After seeing an offensive mouthwash ad on television, I resolved never to buy that brand again.
11. They rushed to the hospital, they were too late.
12. Unable to swim any further, a lifeguard came to my rescue.
13. To chew thoroughly and eating slowly are necessary for good digestion.
14. It was a long walk. From the library to the dorms.
15. The plant is a present from a friend that was supposed to flower in the summer.
 
III.辩认主题句 (15 points, 5 points each)
16. Choose the best topic sentence from the four options below.
 A. One argument is that no one has the right to take another person’s life.
 B. Citizens believe that society is also responsible for the crime.
 C. Many citizens argue that serious criminals should be executed.
 D. The punishment of criminals has always been a problem for society.
17. Read the following paragraph and write the topic sentence on the answer sheet.
   All through the long history of the Earth, waves have broken heavily against the land, and tides have pressed forward over the continents, moved back, and then returned. For no two days is the shoreline precisely the same. Not only do the tides advance and retreat in their eternal rhythms, but the level of the sea itself is never at rest. It rises or falls as the large masses of ice melt or grow, as the floor of the deep ocean basins shifts under its increasing load of sediments (沉积物), or as the Earth’s crust along the continental margins changes in adjustment to strain and tension. Today a little more land may be low to the sea, tomorrow a little less. Always the edge of the sea remains a changing boundary.

18. Read the following paragraph and choose the best topic sentence from the four options that follow.
To renew a driver’s license, you must send an application approximately five to seven weeks before the expiration date listed on the license. Individuals who fail to renew within three years of the license expiration date are not eligible for a renewal and must repeat the initial licensing process. To renew a license, you must visit a Motor Vehicles Agency. You must present a completed renewal application; your current driver’s license; acceptable proof of age, identification, and address; and proof of social security in the form of a social security card, a state or federal income tax return, a current pay receipt, or a W-2 form. You must also pay the
required fee. If all the documents and payment are in order, your photo will be taken and a new license wlil be issued.
A. An applicant should be eligible in order to renew a driver’s license.
B. A completed application is essential for renewing a driver’s license.
C. An applicant should follow the required procedure to renew a driver’s license.
D. A driver’s license must be renewed within three years of the expiration date.

IV. 重新组合段落 (5 points,1 point each)
19.Rearrange the following sentences so that they read logically. Put the corresponding letters in a proper sequence on the answer sheet. The positions of some sentences have been given.
 A. Girls are ahead of boys on all counts, and both suffer.
 B. These are the years when the uneven pace of girls’ and boys’ physical, emotional, and cognitive development is most noticeable.
 C. Now separate classes are prohibited in public schools that receive federal funds.
 D. This has aroused heated debate.
 E. The middle school years (grades 7 and 8) are known to be the “tough years.”
 F. The debate has been focused on whether separating boys and girls during these difficult years might improve students’ academic performance.
 G. Although some parents and educators oppose same-sex classes, there is some evidence that separating boys and girls in middle school yields positive results.
 H. But a change in the federal law that prohibits separate classes is under consideration.
E  A   C  

V. 找出与段落内容无关的句子 (10 points, 5 points each)
20. Read the following paragraph and write the TWO irrelevant sentences on the answer sheet.
   My most frustrating job was cooking for a local fast food restaurant during my junior year in high school. There’s a coffee shop nearby. No matter how hard I tried, I never could cook what the menu said because the food company always delivered the wrong food or brought it late. I also was frustrated because I had trouble estimating how much food to cook. Many times we ran short of hamburgers or had to throw away pounds and pounds of French fries. Sometimes we ate the extra French fries, though, and we’d sit around, joking and having a good time. The worst thing, however, was the condition of my clothes after the meal was over. Even if I hadn’t spilled anything (and I usually had spilled some kind of sauce), my clothes smelled awful. I’d want to go home to change before going; anywhere else. No wonder, then, I thought cooking in a fast food restaurant was frustrating.

VI.写信 (40 points)
21. You have read in a local newspaper about a post of tour guide for the summer holiday in a travel agency. Write a letter of application to Mr.Rochester, the human resources manager of the travel agency.
In the letter, tell him about
① your interest in the post,
② your qualifications, including your educational background, and
③ relevant experiences.
 Don’t forget to tell him your phone number (555-5555) and your email address (liping@123.com). Please sign your name as Li Ping. (150-200 words)


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