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2012年7月综合英语(二)自考试题

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2012年7月(全国综合英语(二)自考试题

 

Ⅰ.语法、词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填写在答题纸上。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)
   Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer. (15 points)
   1. She was invited to go to the ball but she did not even have_______ to go with her dress.
   A. a piece of jewelry
   B. piece of jewelry
   C. a jewelry
   D. one jewelry
   2. Few people are still alive who have_____the scene of fighting.
   A. noticed B.visited
   C. witnessed
   D. watched
   3. The world’s supplies of petroleum ______.
   A. have gradually exhausted
   B. are being gradually exhausted
   C. are gradually exhausting
   D. are gradually exhausted
   4. He is determined to get ______ of the profit than he has been offered.
   A. ten percent more
   B.ten more percent
   C. more ten percent
   D. as much as ten percent
   5. At the beginning this sort of thing was fresh and exciting, and then it fell into ______ and became habitual.
   A. custom
   B. habit
   C. method
   D. routine
   6.I didn’t know your telephone number; otherwise I______.
   A. would have called
   B. would call
   C. called
   D. should call
   7. In the early morning my mother was in the kitchen ______breakfast for us.
   A. prepared
   B. preparing
   C. having prepared
   D. to have prepared
   8.1 would have told him the answer had it been possible, but I ______ so busy then.
   A. had been
   B.have been
   C. was
   D. would be
   9. Our company will _____ all the costs of the repairs.
   A. spend
   B.take
   C. bear
   D. make
   10. A few minutes after the plane had taken off, it developed engine trouble and______.
   A. crashed
   B. dashed
   C. stopped
   D. blushed
   11.The boss urged his workers______.
   A. on
   B. off
   C. upon
   D. down
   12. She did not hear what you said because she ______ in her reading.
   A. was absorbed
   B. absorbed
   C. is absorbed
   D. has been absorbed
   13. A fever ______ the famous short-distance runner ______ the opportunity to participate in the competition.
   A. got rid, of
   B. deprived, of
   C. took, off
   D. drove off
   14. The story is not real; it is only______.
   A. imaginary
   B. imaginative
   C. imaginable
   D. imagined
   15.______ contrast ______ her sister, she was an angel.
   A. In, to
   B. On, to
   C. On, with
   D. In, for

Ⅱ.完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填写在答题纸上。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)
   Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. (15 points)
   The United States is well-known for its network of major highways designed to help a driver get from one place to another in the shortest possible time. 16 these wide modem roads are generally smooth and well maintained, with 17 sharp curves and many straight sections ,a direct route is not always the most 18 one. Large highways often pass 19 scenic areas and interesting small towns. Furthermore ,these highways generally 20 large urban centers, which means that they become crowded with 21 traffic during rush hours, when the “fast, direct” way becomes a very slow route.
   However, there is almost always another route to take 22 you are not in a hurry. Not far from the 23 .new “superhighways”, there are often older, 24 heavily traveled roads which go through the countryside. Lots of these are good two-lane roads; others are uneven roads 25 through the country. These secondary routes may go up steep slopes, along high 26 ,or down frightening hillsides to towns 27 in deep valleys. Through these less direct routes, longer and slower, they generally go to places 28 the air is clean and the scenery is beautiful, and the driver may have a 29 to get a fresh, clean 30 of the world.
   16. A. Although
   B. Because
   C. Since
   D. Therefore
   17. A. little
   B. few
   C. much
   D. many
   18. A. terrible
   B. possible
   C. enjoyable
   D. profitable
   19. A. to
   B. into
   C. over
   D. by
   20. A. lead
   B. connect
   C. collect
   D. communicate
   21. A. large
   B. fast
   C. light
   D. heavy
   22. A. unless
   B. if
   C. as
   D. since
   23. A. relatively
   B. regularly
   C. respectively
   D. reasonably
   24. A. and
   B. less
   C. more
   D. or
   25. A. driving
   B. crossing
   C. curving
   D. traveling
   26. A. rocks
   B. cliffs
   C. roads
   D. paths
   27. A. lying
   B. laying
   C. laid
   D. lied
   28. A. there
   B. when
   C. which
   D. where
   29. A. space
   B. period
   C. chance
   D. spot
   30. A. view
   B. variety
   C. visit
   D. virtue

Ⅲ.难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填写在答题纸上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
   Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts. (10 points)
   31. The hero was distinguished by his accomplishment;the celebrity by his image or trademark.
   A. The hero was famous for his achievement; the celebrity was distinguished by his appearance or characteristics.
   B. The hero can be famous for his achievement; the celebrity by their special behavior.
   C. The hero and the celebrity were famous by their image and accomplishment.
   D. The hero was more famous than the celebrity.
   32. We want every minute to count.
   A. We want to count every minute.
   B. We want the others to count every minute.
   C. We want to make good use of every minute.
   D. We want to spend every minute.
   33. I could feel sleep creeping over me like paralysis.
   A. The sleep which came over me was a kind of paralysis.
   B. I was so sleepy that I felt weak all over.
   C. I was paralyzed when I was sleepy.
   D. When I was paralyzed, I slept soundly.
   34. But overindulging children with material things does little to lessen parental guilt.
   A. But overindulging children with material things can really help parents to lessen parental guilt.
   B. But overindulging children with material things can not free the parents from feeling guilty.
   C. Parents really want to use material things to satisfy their children and get rid of their guilt.
   D. If they overindulge children with few material things, parents can not lessen their guilt at all.
   35. Unless one is wealthy there is no use in being a charming fellow.
   A. There is no use in being a charming and wealthy fellow.
   B. It is enough if he is a wealthy and charming person.
   C. There is no use in being a rich man if he hasn’t charm.
   D. There is no use in being a charming fellow if he has no money.
   36. One difficult but essential thing to remember is to refuse to let other people’s bad manners goad you into retaliating in kind.
   A. One difficult but essential thing to remember is to refiise bad manners
   B. One difficult but essential thing to remember is ignore other people’s bad manners and refrain from taking similar actions.
   C. One difficult but essential thing to remember is to refuse other people’s bad manners kindly.
   D. One difficult but essential thing to remember is ignore other people’s bad manners and do not respond angrily.
   37. It dawned upon him that miracles were possible even with matches.
   A. He drew the conclusion that miracles and matches could appear at the same time.
   B. He realized that he could use his unusual power to get matches.
   C. Miracles had come over him even with matches.
   D. By using matches, he could make miracles.
   38. They wouldn’t let you down in a crisis.
   A. They wouldn’t leave you alone in times of difficulty.
   B. They wouldn’t disappoint you in times of difficulty.
   C. They wouldn’t stay with you to cope with difficulty.
   D. They would do whatever they could to help you.
   39. Nearly all Englishmen are at heart country gentlemen.
   A. Nearly all Englishmen consider themselves as country gentlemen.
   B. Nearly all Englishmen are basically country gentlemen.
   C. Nearly all Englishmen feel happy to be country gentlemen.
   D. Nearly all Englishmen are kind to country gentlemen.
   40. Love is freely given, not doled out on demand.
   A. If you love somebody, please give money or food to more than one person.
   B. Love is given of one’s own free will, not provided for anyone who asks for it.
   C. Love is free of charge, and l it is given to those who ask for it.
   D. Love is not easily given and it must be bought with money.

Ⅳ.阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填写在答题纸上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
   Read the two passages and answer the questions. (20 points)
   Passage 1
   Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit. which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses each lasting for one semester .A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester.
   Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period.It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.
   For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and therecord is available for the student to show to prospective employers. All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for participation in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. Students who advise the academic authorities usually perform the effective work of maintaining discipline. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him later in his career.
   41. Normally a student would at least attend ______ classes each week.
   A. 36
   B. 20
   C. 15
   D. 12
   42.According to the first paragraph an American student is allowed ______
   A. to live in a different university
   B. to take a particular course in a different university
   C. to live at home and drive to classes
   D. to get two degrees from two different universities
   43. American university students are usually under pressure of work because ______.
   A. their academic performance will affect their future careers
   B. they are heavily involved in student affairs
   C. they have to observe university discipline
   D. they want to run for positions of authority
   44. Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations probably because________.
   A. they hate the constant pressure strain of their study
   B. they will then be able to stay longer in the university
   C. such positions help them get better jobs
   D. such positions are usually well paid
   45.The student organizations seem to be effective in _____.
   A. dealing with the academic affairs of the university
   B. ensuring that the students observe university regulations
   C. evaluating students’ performance by bringing them before a court
   D. keeping up the students’ enthusiasm for social activities
   Passage 2
   Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.
   During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues as: “Get up, John! You’ll be late for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.
   You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract (对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If our energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up steam (鼓起干劲)and work better at your low point.
   Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch.
   Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.
   46. If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably________.
   A. he is a lazy person
   B. he refuses to follow his own energy cycle
   C. he is not sure when his energy is low
   D. he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening
   47. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
   A. Unawareness of energy cycles.
   B. Familiar monologues.
   C. A change in a family member’s energy cycle.
   D. Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.
   48. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should ________
   A. change his energy cycle
   B. overcome his laziness
   C. get up earlier than usual
   D. go to bed earlier
   49.You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will __________.
   A. help to keep your energy for the day’s work
   B. help you to control your temper early in the day
   C. enable you to concentrate on your routine work
   D. keep your energy cycle under control all day
   50.Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?
   A. Getting off to work wit a minimum effort helps save one’s energy.
   B. Dr. Kleitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.
   C. Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle.
   D. Children have energy cycles, too.

V.词型转换。将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共1 0小题,每小题1分,共10分)
   Complete each of the following sentences with a word derived from the one given in the
   bracket. (10 points)
   51. My car broke down and _____ I was late for the appointment. (consequent)
   52. There is something ______about her early childhood. (mystery)
   53. What is the exact _____ of the ship? (locate)
   54. Successful businesses are highly ______to economic change. (adapt)
   55. None of the students can analyze that _______sentence. (involve)
   56. My mother always gets a bit ______if we don’t arrive when we say we will. (anxiety)
   57. The doctor held a ______to decide whether an operation was necessary. (consult)
   58. The earth _______around the sun. (rotation)
   59. The woman sat looking at them without_______.(express)
   60. He ______ that he was not qualified for the post. (recognition)

Ⅵ.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。如括号内有特定要求,请按要求答题。(本大题共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)
   Translate the following sentences into English. (15 points)
   61.我们的任务是反映客观世界,而不是美化世界。
   62.他的描述激发了她对从来没见过的大海的想象。
   63.我们的教育改革已经取得了不少成绩,但还有更多事情要做。
   64.哥伦布于1492年发现了美洲。
   65.据报道,外交部长于今天下午开始了他的亚洲之行。

Ⅶ.作文。根据所学的一篇课文,写出150字左右的短文。(本大题共1小题,15分)
   Write a short composition of about 150 words based on one of the texts you have learnt. (15 points)
   66. “Don’t confine your learning to schoolwork.”

 


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