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自考语言与文化试题_浙江省2009年7月自考试卷

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浙江省2009年7月自学考试语言与文化试题


课程代码:10058
I. Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Read each statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which one of the four alternatives best completes the statement.(20%)      
1. In English, “sdylh” is not a possible word and “green made he” is not an acceptable sentence. It proves that language is ________. (      )
A. arbitrary  B. systematic  
C. symbolic  D. vocal
2. The Chinese equivalent for “Housewarming” is ________. (      )
A. 温室效应  B. 温暖的房屋  
C. 乔迁喜宴  D. 房屋供暖
3. The word in British English for “tire” is ________. (      )
A. wheel  B. bore  
C. tyre  D. tier
4. The English name “Camellia” is related to ________. (      )
A. Christianity  B. plant  
C. weapon  D. knowledge
5. ________ can represent the geographical aspects of culture. (      )
A. Koala  B. Cowboy  
C. Queen  D. Hot dog
6. If a student wants to express his gratitude for professor’s help, he can say ________. (      )
A. “I am so sorry that I am wasting your time.”
B. “I hope I didn’t disturb you.”
C. “Don’t you mind I disturb you?”
D. “Thank you so much. I really appreciate your help.”
7. When an Englishman says “I was only pulling your leg”, he means ________. (      )
A. I was only trying to prevent you from making progress.
B. I was only warning you.
C. I was only joking.
D. I was only asking you for help.
8. The first week day after Christmas, a legal holiday in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, New Zealand, Australia and South Africa, is called ________. (      )
A. Boxing Day  B. Easter
C. Thanksgiving Day  D. St. Valentine’s Day
9. “To ride one’s high horse” means ________. (      )
A. to be naughty  B. to be energetic
C. to be arrogant  D. to be optimistic
10. “________” illustrates the metaphor that ideas are commodities. (      )
A. What he said left a bad taste in my mouth.
B. Those ideas died off in the Middle Ages.
C. Mathematics has many branches.
D. There is always a market for good ideas.
11. ________ is a detective or shrewd person who has the uncanny ability to solve any mystery through careful observation, scientific analysis, and logical reasoning. (      )
A. Romeo  B. Shylock
C. Sherlock Holmes  D. Napoleon
12. It is generally accepted that at the sentential level ________ relations are observed far more frequently in English than in Chinese. (      )
A. logical  B. hypotactic
C. paratactic  D. hypocritical
13. “They are uncontrollably attracted to each other” is a metaphorical expression about love is ________. (      )
A. a physical force  B. madness
C. magic  D. patient
14. American and British English are two ________ of the English language. (      )
A. forms  B. varieties
C. languages  D. speeches
15. “He showed no pleasure at hearing the news. Instead he looked even gloomier.” demonstrates ________ relation between the two sentences. (      )
A. an adversative  B. a causal
C. a temporal  D. an additive
16. “A white hope” refers to ________. (      )
A. a talent person who is thought not likely to bring success
B. a talent person who is thought likely to fail
C. a talent person who is thought likely to bring bad fate
D. a talent person who is thought likely to bring success
17. “Crossing one’s forefinger and middle finger” signifies ________ in English speaking countries. (      )
A. secrecy  B. sadness  
C. respect  D. good luck
18. “Red handed” corresponds to ________. (      )
A. 现行犯的  B. 革命党的
C. 精力充沛的  D. 红色政权的
19. ________ style is used for conversations between close friends, colleagues or classmates about topics that are not serious. (      )
A. Formal  B. Consultative  
C. Casual  D. Intimate
20. When doctors touch their patients in a physical examination, we call it ________ touch.
(      )
A. functional-professional  B. friendship-warmth
C. socio-polite  D. love-intimacy
II. Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Read each statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which alternative can complete the statement. There might be more than one correct answer. (10%)
1. In its narrow sense culture is ________. (         )
A. the attributes of man  B. life way of a population
C. called “academic culture”  D. called “anthropological culture”
2. Words positive in meaning in English but pejorative or neutral in Chinese are ________.
(         )
A. aggressive  B. self-made man
C. individualism  D. equalitarianism
3. Names include ________, full names, with or without a title. (         )
A. titles  B. surnames
C. nicknames or pet names  D. given names
4. ________ refers to a person who is too cheap to take his girlfriend out so he takes her to his home all the time. (         )
A. Couchwarmer  B. Ladies’ man
C. Hippie  D. Chauvinist pig
5. English pronouns are marked for several cases: ________. (         )
A. subjective  B. objective
C. genitive determinative  D. genitive independent
6. ________ are acceptable forms of address in English. (         )
A. Mrs. White  B. Mr. Jack
C. Miss Smith  D. Accountant Black
7. In English culture “grey” is often associated with ________. (         )
A. an old age  B. gloomy
C. vigor  D. something unpleasant
8. “To carry the ball” is an allusion, ________. (         )
A. referring to have the main responsibility for getting a task or job done
B. referring to have a very enjoyable time
C. derived from American football
D. derived from rugby
9. In English culture the general rule is to introduce ________. (         )
A. a man to a woman  B. a superior to an inferior
C. the host to the guest  D. an individual to a group
10. Blue Monday conveys the meaning that ________. (         )
A. one is in his sad mood  B. one should remember the important day
C. one is in his gloomy mood  D. one always has had fortune on that day
III. Each of the following statements has an underlined space. Fill in each underlined space with a proper expression. (24%)
1. The leader of the British government is called ________.
2. The American English equivalent for “lift” is ________.
3. The English equivalent for “做无米之炊” is ________.
4. The Chinese equivalent for “cooker” is ________.
5. Morphemes can be classified into two categories: inflectional and ________ morphemes.
6. It has been claimed that English texts develop ________, while Chinese ones develop in a spiral way.
7. “注意言行举止” corresponds to “________” in English.
8. All languages have kinship terms and distinguish at least three characteristics in relatives: ________, blood relationship and sex.
9. ________ refers to a play in which comic elements are combined with more tragic or absurdly evil ones, with the latter on the whole predominating.
10. ________ refers to prejudice or discrimination based on sex, especially, discrimination against women.
11. The English equivalent for “杂种狗” is ________.
12. Edward Hall suggests that there are three different time systems that might be found in cultures. They are ________, formal and informal time systems.
IV. Translation.(16%)
A. Translate the following into Chinese. (8%)
1. Superior
2. Pride goes before a fall.
3. high school
4. a marriage of convenience
B. Translate the following into English. (8%)
1. 拜年
2. 北京大学位于中国北京市海淀区颐和园路5号。
3. 伊甸园
4. 医生的话不能不听,也不能全听。
V. Define the following terms. (10%)
1. Large C culture
2. Nonverbal communication
3. Phrasal verbs
4. Words
5. Proxemics
VI. Discuss the following topics. (20%)
1. What cross-cultural differences can you find between English and Chinese thanks? What cross-cultural contrasts can you find between English and Chinese responses to thanks? (13%)
2. How are language, culture and thought related? (7%)


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