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自考英语词汇学试题_浙江省2009年7月自考试卷

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浙江省2009年7月自学考试英语词汇学试题


课程代码:10059
I. Each of the statements below is followed by four alternative answers. Choose the one that would best complete the statement. (15%, 1 point for each)
1.The differences between sound and form are not due to (     )
A. the fact of more phonemes than letters in English.  
B. stabilization of spelling by printing.
C. influence of the work of scribes. 
D. innovations made by linguists.
2. All these languages have some influence on English to a greater or lesser extent because each has _____ the English vocabulary. (     )
A. borrowed words from  B. enlarged words to
C. decreased words to  D. lent words into
3. In the growth of present-day English vocabulary, there are three main sources of new words, the rapid development of modern science and technology, social, economic and political changes; the influence of _____. (     )
A. the educational system B. other cultures and languages
C. the government system  D. the society changes
4. In a derivational process, an item is converted to a new word class without the addition of an affix. The name is _____.(     )
A. full conversion B. partial conversion
C. functional shift D. zero-derivation
5. The conversion of two-syllable nouns into verbs involves a change of _____.(     )
A. spelling B. pronunciation
C. stress D. function
6.Stylistically, back-formed words are largely _____ and some of them have not gained public acceptance. (     )
A. formal B. adjectives
C. human nouns D. informal
7. Modern English began with the establishment of _____ in English. (     )
A. printing B. Bourgeois Revolution
C. Industrial Revolution  D. the Renaissance
8. Back-formation is considered to be the opposite process of _____.(     )
A. prefixation  B. suffixation
C. acronymy  D. conversion
9. Dictionaries _____.(     )
A. are used as reference books
B. contain information, spelling, pronunciation, meaning and usage
C. list words generally arranged in alphabetical order
D. All of the above
10. The dictionaries which belong to desk dictionaries are _____.(     )
A. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary
B. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
C. Webster Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary
D. All of the above
11. The word “neck” in the phrase “the neck of the bottle” is related to _____ motivation.(     )
A. onomatopoeic  B. semantic
C. morphological D. etymological
12. Stylistic meaning refers to the features of _____ of words.(     )
A. formality  B. affectiveness
C. appropriateness  D. part of speech
13. An idiom differs from a free phrase in that the former is _____ and the latter is not.(     )
A. structurally changeable  B. semantically analysable
C. structurally fixed  D. easily understood
14.The relationship between the linguistic sign and a referent is _____.(     )
A. conventional B. non-conventional
C. concrete D. specific

15. The way to define an antonym is based on _____. (     )
A. contradiction B. contrariness
C. oppositeness D. relativeness
Ⅱ. Decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write T for true and F for false. (20%, 2 points for each)
16. In early Middle English period, English, Latin and Celtic existed side by side.(     )
17. In modern times, borrowing brings less than ten percent of modern English vocabulary.(     )
18. Compounds are words formed by combining affixes and stems.(     )
19. Middle English absorbed a tremendous number of foreign words but with little change in word endings.(     )
20. Unlike conceptual meaning, associative meaning is unstable and indeterminate.(     )
21. By etymological motivation, we mean that the meaning of a particular word is related to its origin. (     )
22. Homonyms are words whose meanings are closely related.(     )
23. Contradictory terms do not show degrees.(     )
24. The unmarked term of an antonymous pair often covers the meaning of the marked.(     )
25. Idioms are fixed in structure and so can never be changed.(     )
Ⅲ.Match the words in Column A with the words in Column B (10%, 1 point for each)
                              A                      B
 
26. cocks A. roar   
27. birds B. sing   
28. duck C. trumpet   
29. pigs D. neigh   
30. bees E. howl   
31. elephant F. buzz   
32. horses G. bleat   
33. sheep H. crow   
34. wolves I. Quack   
35. lion J. grunt 

26. (     )27. (     )28. (     )29. (     )30.  (     )
31. (     )32. (     )33. (     )34. (     )35.  (     )
Ⅳ.Complete the following statements with proper expressions according to the textbook. (10%, 2 points for each)
36. Middle English lasted for more than three hundred years :_____.
37. The four major foreign contributors to English vocabulary in earlier times are Latin, French, Scandinavian and _____.
38. The relationship between sound and _____ is arbitrary and conventional.
39. Concept is the _____ of human cognition, and it reflects the objective world in the human mind.
40. A word whose meaning was borrowed from another language is called semantic _____.
Ⅴ.Study the following words and decide how each word is formed. (10%, 2 points for each)
Example: disobey  (Affixation)
41. G-man  (        )
42. flu   (        )
43. sci-fi   (        )
44. pocket (v)   (        )
45.daydreaming   (        )
Ⅵ. Answer the following questions. (20%, 5 points for each)
46. What is sense?
47. How do you understand the statement that “true synonymy is non-existent”?
48. What are the types of changes in word meaning?
49. What are the similarity and the difference between a verb phrase and a phrasal verb?
Ⅶ. Analyze and comment on the given sentence(s). Pick out the idiom in the sentence, and point out its structure, grammatical function and figure of speech. (15%)
50. She said that his hair was pepper and salt.


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