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自考语言与文化试题_浙江省2009年4月自考试卷

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浙江省2009年4月自学考试语言与文化试题


课程代码:10058
I. Multiple choice (24%)
Directions: Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Read each statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which of the four alternatives best completes the statement.
1. ______ is the primary function of language.(      )
A. Quarrel B. Communication
C. Calling D. Writing
2. The word in Chinese for “greenhouse” is ______.(      )
A. 绿色的房屋 B. 无污染的房屋
C. 温室 D. 年轻之家
3.A fortified building or a group of buildings within a defensive wall is called ______.(      )
A. fort B. castle
C. superior D. scalp
4. “The comforter” and “the Holy Ghost” both refer to God in religious English, the former sounds warm and the latter sounds awesome because these are the ______ meaning of these two terms.(      )
A. conceptual B. collocative
C. connotative D. reflected
5. A drink of spirits mixed with others or with various flavorings is called ______.(      )
A. red wine B. white wine
C. whisky D. cocktail
6. One may find more ______ in English than in Chinese descriptive writing. (      )
A. adjectives B. metaphors
C. hyperboles D. pronouns
7.Religious name “Joseph” means ______ in Chinese. (      )
A. 上帝赐我一个儿子 B. 约瑟夫
C. 上帝赐我幸福 D. 上帝是救世主
8.“Abraham” means ______ in Chinese.(      )
A. 勇敢 B. 阿拉伯罕
C. 万民之父 D. 领袖
9.When you want to compliment the new coat John wears you can say ______.(      )
A. That’s a very nice coat. It must be very expensive.
B. You look much more beautiful in this coat.
C. How much did you pay for this coat?
D. You look lovely in this coat, who bought it for you?
10.In English speaking countries expensive gifts will ______.(      )
A. make them uncomfortable for they will not know how to return the kindness.
B. make them very happy for they think they are highly valued.
C. make them surprise for they will not know how to use it.
D. make them embarrassed for they are not worth it.
11.“The cat’s got your tongue” refers to ______.(      )
A. you’re in a trouble. B. you feel sick.
C. you’re very quiet. D. you like the cat.
12.“It’s only by the skin of your teeth” means ______.(      )
A. it’s only in your position B. just manage to make it
C. it surprises you very much D. you try to protect yourself from danger
13.“To make one’s flesh creep” means ______.(      )
A. to cause one to feel fear B. to show no alarm
C. to make surprise D. to make one uncomfortable
14.“Marry in May, repent always” is related to ______.(      )
A. christianity B. Greco-Roman civilization
C. English literature works D. style of living in Western countries
15.“David and Goliath” connotes ______.(      )
A. a contest between two loved persons
B. a contest between two good friends
C. a contest between brothers
D. a contest between two persons and the weaker wins out
16. “Cognitive psychology is still in its infancy” illustrates the metaphor that ______.(      )
A. ideas are plants B. ideas are products
C. ideas are people D. ideas are commodities
17. “She drives me out of my mind” illustrates the metaphor about ______.(      )
A. love is madness B. love is war
C. love is magic D. love is a patient
18. “A white hope” refers to ______.(      )
A. a talent person who is thought not likely to bring success
B. a talent person who is thought likely to fail
C. a talent person who is thought likely to bring bad fate
D. a talent person who is thought likely to bring success
19. “A black look” is ______.(      )
A. a look of strong dislike or disapproval
B. a look can give one the shivers
C. a look of strong gratefulness
D. a look of strong love
20. “A green old age” is associated with ______.(      )
A. an old but vigorous man or woman
B. an old but inexperienced man or woman
C. an old but every jealous man or woman
D. an old but sexy man or woman
21. “______” is not euphemistic expression in English for lavatory.(      )
A. Comfort station B. To be patient
C. To relieve oneself D. To wash one’s hands
22.“Tickets, please!” said the guard, putting his head in at the window. In a moment everybody was holding out a ticket.
The example above demonstrates ______ relation between the two sentences.(      )
A. a temporal B. a causal
C. an additive D. an adversative
23.The British English equivalent for “公立学校” is ______.(      )
A. public school B. council school
C. private school D. grade school
24. “I’m full” is signified in English culture by ______.(      )
A. an open hand, palm down, raised to one’s throat
B. one or both open hands lightly patting one’s own stomach
C. a raised open hand, palm forward
D. moving quickly his open hand, palm down, across his throat
II. Gap-filling (10%)
Directions: Each of the following statements has an underlined space. Fill in each underlined space with a proper expression.
1.Culture in its broad sense is also called “large C cultrue” or “__________”.
2.The word in British English for “firecracker” is __________.
3.__________is a collection of religious books comprising the Old Testament and New Testament.
4.The English equivalent for “人不犯我,我不犯人” is __________.
5.Analytic thinking interacts with English, thus the __________ sentence pattern dominates in English.
6.The English equivalent for “从小知其人” is “__________”.
7.__________ refers to an immoral pleasure, derived from Eve’s eating the fruit of the Tree of knowledge of Good and Evil in the Garden of Eden.
8.A __________ refers to a new, simple and inexperienced person, easily fooled or parted from his money.
9.“Industrial action” may be an euphemism for __________.
10.The logical relationships between adjoining sentences can be classified into four categories: additive, adversative, causal and __________.
III. Define the following terms (20%)
1.Proverb
2.Terms of humility
3.Deductive argumentation
4.The present-oriented society:
IV. Translation (16%)
1.隐形眼镜
2.红薯
3.灰姑娘(久被蔑视,忽逢幸运而显名一时)
4.天网恢恢,疏而不漏
5.St. Valentine’s Day
6.Pink eye
7.Pride goes before a fall.
8.She was the kind that would rather be a big fish in a small pond than a small fish in a big pond.
V. Discuss the following topics (30%)
1.What differences do you know between English and Chinese when it comes to ways of addressing strangers?
2.What cross-cultural differences can you find in terms of humility between English and Chinese?
3.What are “five clocks”? In what situation they should be used?


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