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2008年1月全国自学考试试题现代语言学试卷

来源: 整编:湖北自考网 发表时间:2008-11-9 15:38:58 【湖北自考网:湖北自学考试门户网】

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全国2008年1月高等教育自学考试
现代语言学试题
课程代码:00830
I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C, or D in the bracket.(2%×10=20%)
1. The phonetic form of the prefix meaning “not” is phonetically variant; it is  before a vowel or an alveolar consonant,  before a labial consonant, and  before a _____, for example, inoperable , indiscrete , impossible , and inconceivable . ( )
A. velar B. palatal
C. fricative D. stop
2. Tones are pitch variations that refer to morphologically defined segments to the extent that different _______ in a language are distinctive. Pitch variations can distinguish meaning just like phonemes.( )
A. sounds B. patterns
C. pitches D. features
3. Some of the ______ rules are productive; they can be used freely to form new words.( )
A. syntactic B. morphological
C. semantic D. phonological
4. VP, AP and PP share similar syntactic properties with NP in that they allow for _______ and complements in phrases. ( )
A. heads B. specifiers
C. lexical items D. obligatory words
5. Bloomfield drew on _______ psychology when trying to define the meaning of linguistic forms. ( )
A. contextual B. conceptualist
C. behaviorist D. mentalist
6. Pragmatics differs from traditional semantics in that it studies meaning not in isolation, but in _______. ( )
A. sense B. concept
C. sentence D. context
7. The languages of the world belong to families and bear offspring. When we examine the languages of the world, we perceive similarities and differences among them that provide further evidence for the “______” relatedness we know exists.
( )
A. geographical B. genetic
C. typological D. functional
8. In English, powder room is a euphemism for toilet, which itself started a
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