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全国2007年1月高等教育自学考试现代语言学试题历年试卷

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全国2007年1月高等教育自学考试
现代语言学试题
课程代码:00830
Ⅰ.Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C, or D in the brackets.(2%×10=20%)
1. The study of how people use their speech organs to produce speech sounds is of great interest to those working in the area of(   )
A.phonology B.articulatory phonetics
C.auditory phonetics D.acoustic phonetics
2.The vowel [u:] in English has all the following features EXCEPT(   )
A.long B.rounded
C.closed D.central
3.The stress of the compound noun“armchair”falls on(   )
A.the second syllable B.the first syllable
C.both the first and second syllables D.either the first or the second syllable
4.When we move a noun phrase from the object position to the subject position in passive transformation in English, we are(   )the noun phrase to the left.
A.rewriting B.postposing
C.maintaining D.preposing
5.Of the views concerning the study of meaning, the one in which meaning is explained in terms of observable stimuli and responses made by participants in specific situations is referred to as
(   )
A.contextualism B.behaviourism
C.conceptualism D.the naming theory
6.The illocutionary point of the (   ) is to commit the speaker to something’s being the case, to the truth of what has been said.
A.representatives B.commissives
C.expressives D.directives
7.Abbreviations of longer words or phrases may become lexicalized, for example, gym for gymnasium. This process is sometimes called(   )
A.blending B.abbreviating
C.clipping D.compounding
8.The differences between standard and non-standard, on the one hand, and between high and low language varieties in a _______ situation, on the other hand, are parallel but not identical.
(   )
A.diglossic B.bilingual
C.linguistic D.sociolinguist
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