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2017年10月湖北自考英语(一)串讲练习(9.12)

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>>>2017年湖北自考公共课串讲练习题【汇总】

1.单选题

[阅读理解]The other side of a state legal apparatus is a state military apparatus. While the one protects the individual from violence, the other sacrifices the individual to violence in the interests of the state. In war the state affirms supreme power over the individuals within its own borders. War is not simply a trial by combat to settle disputes between states; it is the moment when the state makes its most powerful demands upon its people for their commitment, allegiance, and supreme sacrifice. Times of war test a community‘s deepest religious and ethical commitments.

What can we learn from the paragraph?

A、Governments tend to abuse their supreme Power in times of war.

B、In times of war governments may extend their power across national borders.

C、In times of war governments impose high religious and ethical standards on their people.

D、Governments may sacrifice individuals in the interests of the state in times of war.

正确答案:D

答案解析:本段的主旨较为明显,说的是国家司法机器的另一方面,即军事机器,开头第二句说得很明确,这一方面是为了国家的利益而牺牲个人,恰好是选项D的意义。

2.单选题

[阅读理解]Decibels(分贝) measured in water are different from those measured on land. A noise of one hundred-twenty decibels on land causes pain to human ears. In water, a decibel level of one-hundred ninety-five would have the same effect.

Which of the following is discussed in the paragraph?

A、The same noise level produces a different effect on land and in the ocean.

B、Different places may have different types of noises.

C、The decibel is not a suitable unit for measuring underwater noise.

D、Different ocean animals may have different reactions to noises.

正确答案:A

答案解析:本段第一句话就直接给出了答案。

 

 


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